Common name: PYRIPROLE

Type: veterinary medicine
Chemical class: phenylpyrazole

CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

Molecular structure of PYRIPROLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


EFFICACY AGAINST PARASITES

Type of action: Broad-spectrum, contact, non systemic ectoparasiticide: insecticide, tickicide
Main veterinary parasites controlled: fleas, ticks.

Efficacy against a specific parasite depends on the delivery form and on the dose administered.

Click here for general information on features and characteristics of PARASITICIDES.


DOSING

Dosing recommendations for antiparasitics depend on national regulations. National regulatory authorities determine whether a product is approved for a given indication, i.e. use on a particular host at a specific dose and against a specific parasiteCheck the labels of the products available in your country for specific information on approved indications.

The table below indicates some usual dosing recommendations for pyriprole issued by manufacturers or documented in the scientific literature. They may not be approved in some countries.

Pyriprole is a contact phenylpyrazole insecticide and acaricide highly effective against fleas and ticks. It is moderately used in on dogs as a spot-on but not in cats, livestock or horses.

Dosing recommendations for PYRIPROLE
DOGS
Delivery Parasites Dose (against pyriprole-susceptible parasites)
Spot-on Fleas 12.5-30.6 mg/kg dep. on animal's weight
Spot-on Ticks 12.5-30.6 mg/kg dep. on animal's weight

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SAFETY

Oral LD50, rat, acute*:  >300 mg/kg
Dermal LD50, rat, acute*: >2000 mg/kg
* These values refer to the active ingredient. Toxicity has to be determined for each formulation as well. Formulations are usually significantly less toxic than the active ingredients.

MRL (maximum residue limit) set for animal tissues (e.g. beef, mutton pork or chicken)*: NOT APPLICABLE. Approved only for dogs.
Withholding periods: NOT APPLICABLE. Approved only for dogs.

Learn more about pyriprole safety.

General safety information for antiparasitics is available in specific articles in this site (click to visit):

WARNING

It is obvious that veterinary products are not intended for and should never be used on humans!!!


MARKETING & USAGE

Decade of introduction: 2000
Introduced by: NOVARTIS (→ ELANCO)
Some original brands: PRAC-TIC
Patent: VALID

Use in LIVESTOCK: No
Use in HORSES: No
Use in
DOGS and CATS: Moderate (only dogs)

Main delivery forms: 

Use in human medicine: No
Use in
public/domestic hygiene: No
Use in
agriculture: No
Generics available: 
No


PARASITE RESISTANCE

On pets: No

Learn more about parasite resistance and how it develops.


SPECIFIC FEATURES

Pyriprole is a phenylpyrazole derivative similar to fipronil. Although recently introduced (in the 2000's) and still under patent protection it is a "classic" insecticide. So far it is only approved in the EU (PRAC-TIC) and a few other countries for use in dogs against fleas and ticks. So far it is not approved for use in cats or livestock. It has not been introduced as an agricultural or hygiene pesticide.

Efficacy of pyriprole

Pyriprole applied as a spot-on is highly effective against fleas and several ticks species. Efficacy against fleas is comparable to that of other modern insecticidal active ingredients such as fipronil, imidaclopridspinetoram or spinosad. As most flea spot-ons it controls existing flea and tick infestations in about 1 to 2 days, and provides about 4 weeks protection against re-infestations.

Pharmacokinetics of pyriprole

Pyriprole is quite lipophilic and behaves similarly to fipronil, i.e. when applied topically to animals it quickly spreads throughout the hair-coat and the body surface, and is deposited in the sebaceous glands of the skin, from where it is slowly released. This allows a rather long residual effect against fleas and ticks.

After topical administration to dogs pyriprole is slowly absorbed (absorption half-time of 1 to 4 weeks). Three weeks after topical administration 30 to 45% of the administered dose remains mostly unchanged on the skin and the hair-coat. Absorbed pyriprole is very quickly metabolized in the liver. Excretion runs mainly through feces, the rest through urine.  

Mechanism of action of pyriprole

Phenylpyrazoles are inhibitors of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a key neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. This mechanism exists not only in insects but also in mammals and other vertebrates. However phenylpyrazoles seem to be much less effective on GABA receptors in vertebrates than in invertebrates. 

COMMENT from P. Junquera. I have found in 01.01.2014 that parts of the en.wikipedia article on pyriprole have been copy-pasted fom this article without permission and without reference to this source. It remained so in 05.08.2016 .

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