EFFICACY AGAINST PARASITES
Efficacy against a specific parasite depends on the delivery form and on the dose administered.
Click here for general information on features and characteristics of PARASITICIDES.
Dosing recommendations for antiparasitics depend on national regulations. National regulatory authorities determine whether a product is approved for a given indication, i.e. use on a particular host at a specific dose and against a specific parasite. Check the labels of the products available in your country for specific information on approved indications.
The table below indicates some usual dosing recommendations for pyriprole issued by manufacturers or documented in the scientific literature. They may not be approved in some countries.
|Dosing recommendations for PYRIPROLE
|Delivery||Parasites||Dose (against pyriprole-susceptible parasites)
|Spot-on||Fleas||12.5-30.6 mg/kg dep. on animal's weight|
|Spot-on||Ticks||12.5-30.6 mg/kg dep. on animal's weight|
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Oral LD50, rat, acute*: >300 mg/kg
Dermal LD50, rat, acute*: >2000 mg/kg
* These values refer to the active ingredient. Toxicity has to be determined for each formulation as well. Formulations are usually significantly less toxic than the active ingredients.
MRL (maximum residue limit) set for animal tissues (e.g. beef, mutton pork or chicken)*: NOT APPLICABLE. Approved only for dogs.
Withholding periods: NOT APPLICABLE. Approved only for dogs.
Learn more about pyriprole safety.
General safety information for antiparasitics is available in specific articles in this site (click to visit):
- General safety of antiparasitics for domestic animals
- General safety of antiparasitics for humans
- General safety of antiparasitics for the environment
It is obvious that veterinary products are not intended for and should never be used on humans!!!
MARKETING & USAGE
Decade of introduction: 2000
Introduced by: NOVARTIS (→ ELANCO)
Some original brands: PRAC-TIC
Use in LIVESTOCK: No
Use in HORSES: No
Use in DOGS and CATS: Moderate (only dogs)
Main delivery forms:
Use in human medicine: No
Use in public/domestic hygiene: No
Use in agriculture: No
Generics available: No
On pets: No
Pyriprole is a phenylpyrazole derivative similar to fipronil. Although recently introduced (in the 2000's) and still under patent protection it is a "classic" insecticide. So far it is only approved in the EU (PRAC-TIC) and a few other countries for use in dogs against fleas and ticks. So far it is not approved for use in cats or livestock. It has not been introduced as an agricultural or hygiene pesticide.
Efficacy of pyriprole
Pyriprole applied as a spot-on is highly effective against fleas and several ticks species. Efficacy against fleas is comparable to that of other modern insecticidal active ingredients such as fipronil, imidacloprid, spinetoram or spinosad. As most flea spot-ons it controls existing flea and tick infestations in about 1 to 2 days, and provides about 4 weeks protection against re-infestations.
Pharmacokinetics of pyriprole
Pyriprole is quite lipophilic and behaves similarly to fipronil, i.e. when applied topically to animals it quickly spreads throughout the hair-coat and the body surface, and is deposited in the sebaceous glands of the skin, from where it is slowly released. This allows a rather long residual effect against fleas and ticks.
After topical administration to dogs pyriprole is slowly absorbed (absorption half-time of 1 to 4 weeks). Three weeks after topical administration 30 to 45% of the administered dose remains mostly unchanged on the skin and the hair-coat. Absorbed pyriprole is very quickly metabolized in the liver. Excretion runs mainly through feces, the rest through urine.
Mechanism of action of pyriprole
Phenylpyrazoles are inhibitors of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a key neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. This mechanism exists not only in insects but also in mammals and other vertebrates. However phenylpyrazoles seem to be much less effective on GABA receptors in vertebrates than in invertebrates.
COMMENT from P. Junquera. I have found in 01.01.2014 that parts of the en.wikipedia article on pyriprole have been copy-pasted fom this article without permission and without reference to this source. It remained so in 05.08.2016 .
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