Brand: VITAPET ® All Womer for Dogs
- OXANTEL (as embonate salt): 543 mg/tablet
- PYRANTEL (as embonate salt): 143 mg/tablet
- PRAZIQUANTEL: 50 mg/tablet
CHEMICAL CLASS of the active ingredient(s):
PARASITES CONTROLLED* (spectrum of activity):
- Roundworms (Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina), hookworms (Ancylostoma spp, Uncinaria stenocephala), whipworms (Trichuris spp)
- Tapeworms (Taenia hydatigena, Taenia ovis, Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus granulosus = hydatids).
- 1 tablet for every 10 kg bw (equivalent to 14.3 mg/kg pyrantel pamoate, 54.3 mg/kg oxantel and 5 mg/kg praziquantel).
- 1.5 to 2.5 kg bw: ¼ tablet
- 2.6 to 5 kg bw: ½ tablet
- 5.1 to 10 kg bw: 1 tablet
- >10 kg bw: 1 tablet/10 kg bw
- Read the product label for further details on dosing.
* Can be slightly different in some countries: read the product label!
- LD50 (acute oral) in rats: n.a. for the paste; >5000 mg/kg for pyrantel; 980 mg/kg for oxantel; 2840 mg/kg for praziquantel
- Estimated Hazard Class according to the WHO: not applicable for veterinary medicines
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Risk of resistance development? VERY LOW
- There are reports on resistance of Ancylostoma spp to pyrantel in dogs and horses, but is not widespread and is not reported in cats.
- There are no reports on resistance of tapeworms to praziquantel.
Are the active ingredients of this product ORIGINAL* or GENERICS**?
- Pyrantel: GENERIC (introduced in the 1960s)
- Niclosamide: GENERIC (introduced in the 1950s)
*Meaning that they are still patent protected and generics are not yet available
**Meaning that they have lost patent protection and may be acquired from manufacturers of generic active ingredients other than the holder of the original patent.
COUNTRIES where this product is marketed: New Zealand
GENERIC BRANDS available? YES, in some countries.
Click here to learn more about GENERIC vs. ORIGINAL drugs.
Pyrantel is a veteran narrow-spectrum anthelmintic belonging to the chemical class of the tetrahydropyrimidines that was introduced in the 1960s (by PFIZER → ZOETIS). It is effective against roundworms and a few tapeworms (depending on the dose) in the gut, but not against those in other organs (e.g. the lungs, the skin, etc). It controls important worms such as the roundworms Toxocara canis and Toxascaris leonina, and the hookworms Ancylostoma spp and Uncinaria stenocephala. It is used a lot in pets and horses but rarely in livestock. There are dozens of products for pets with generic pyrantel. It is not used in agriculture.
Oxantel is a narrow-spectrum anthelmintic introduced in the 1970s (by PFIZER → ZOETIS) that belongs to the chemical class of the tetrahydropyrimidines. It is particularly effective against whipworms (Trichuris vulpis), but usually not sufficiently effective against other roundworm species. Oxantel is not effective against tapeworms. Oxantel is scarcely used in pets, and not used at all in livestock or agriculture.
Praziquantel is another veteran isoquinoline anthelmintic introduced in the 1970s (by BAYER). It is still the most effective and most vastly used parasiticide against tapeworms. Praziquantel adds efficacy against tapeworms (Dipylidium caninum, Taenia pisiformis, etc.) but has no efficacy whatsoever against roundworms, hookworms or whipworms. It is the anthelmintic most vastly used against tapeworms in pets and horses. There are hundreds of antiparasitic brands for pets containing praziquantel. Usage in livestock is rather modest. It is not used in agriculture.
Pyrantel, oxantel and praziquantel have no residual effect, i.e. they act against the worms during a few hours after administration but are quickly metabolized and excreted. For this reason treatment must often be repeated for certain indications.
For an overview and a list of the most popular pet wormers click here.
This article IS NOT A PRODUCT LABEL. It offers complementary information that may be useful to veterinary professionals and users that are not familiar with veterinary antiparasitics.
Information offered in this article has been extracted from publications issued by manufacturers, government agencies (e.g. EMEA, FDA, USDA, etc.) or in the scientific literature. No guarantee is given on its accuracy, integrity, sufficiency, actuality and opportunity, and any liability is denied. Read the site's DISCLAIMER.
In case of doubt contact the manufacturer or a veterinary professional.