Company: HORIZON VALLEY GENERICS
- FIPRONIL: 98 mg/mL (=9.8%)
- 8.8 mg/mL for dogs and puppies (=8.8%)
- 11.8 mg/ml for cats and kittens (=11.8%)
CHEMICAL CLASS of the active ingredient(s):
INDICATIONS: DOGS & CATS
PARASITES CONTROLLED* (spectrum of activity)
* Can be slightly different in some countries: read the product label!
- Dogs, small 5 to 22 lbs. bw: 1 pipette with 0.023 fl oz (=0.68 mL) (equivalent to ~21.9 - 6.6 mg/kg fipronil and ~19.7 - 5.9 mg/kg methoprene)
- Dogs, medium 23 to 44 lbs. bw: 1 pipette with 0.045 fl oz (=1.33 mL) (equivalent to ~13.0 - 6.6 mg/kg fipronil and ~11.7 - 5.9 mg/kg methoprene)
- Dogs, large 45 to 88 lbs. bw: 1 pipette with 0.091 fl oz (= 2.69 mL) (equivalent to ~13.1 - 6.6 mg/kg fipronil and ~11.7 - 5.9 mg/kg methoprene)
- Dogs, very large 89 to 132 lbs. bw: 1 pipette with 0.136 fl oz (=4.02 mL) (equivalent to ~9.8 - 6.6 mg/kg fipronil and ~8.8 - 5.9 mg/kg methoprene)
- Cats, >1.5 lbs bw: 1 pipette with 0.017 (=0.5 ml) (equivalent to ≤72.1 mg/kg fipronil and ≤86.8 mg/kg methoprene)
- LD50 (acute oral) in rats: ~1020 mg/kg (calculated according to the WHO based on the LD50 of fipronil)
- Estimated Toxicity Class according to the WHO: II moderately hazardous (based on the LD50, learn more)
Suspected poisoning? Read the articles on fipronil safety and methoprene safety in this site.
WARNING !!!: Never use on cats pipettes approved only for dogs. or vice versa. Never use on small dogs pipettes approved for large dogs. Learn more about spot-ons and their safety.
You may be interested in the following articles in this site dealing with the general safety of veterinary products:
- Safety for humans
- Safety for domestic animals
- Safety for the environment
- Hazard classifications of pesticides
Risk of resistance? YES, low to moderate in:
- fleas, mainly the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis
So far there are only very few confirmed reports on flea resistance to fipronil, 25 years after its introduction for flea control. But there are rumors that the number of product failures is increasing, mainly in the US. Fleas have developed resistance to several other insecticides (e.g. carbamates, organophosphates and pyrethroids) and are certainly capable of becoming resistant to fipronil as well. Experience shows that prolonged and uninterrupted use of any insecticide on fleas (including fripronil) bears the risk of resistance development.
Alternatives to prevent resistance through product rotation:
- Amitraz (T*): toxic to cats!
- Carbamates (F+T*), e.g. carbaryl, propoxur
- Indoxacarb (F*)
- Insect Development Inhibitors (F*), e.g. lufenuron
- Isoxazolines (F+T*), e.g. afoxolaner, fluralaner, sarolaner
- Macrocyclic lactones (F*), e.g. selamectin
- Neonicotinoids (F*), e.g. dinotefuran, imidacloprid, nitenpyram
- Organophosphates (F+T*), e.g. chlorpyrifos, coumaphos, diazinon, fenthion, etc.
- Pyrethroids (F+T*), e.g. cyphenothrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, etofenprox, flumethrin, permethrin, etc. toxic to cats!
- Spinosyns (F*), e.g. spinetoram, spinosad
*F = effective against fleas; T = effective against ticks.
These alternative products may not be available in all countries, or may not be available as spot-ons.
Resistance of fleas and brown dog ticks to carbamates, organophosphates and pyrethroids is not uncommon in several countries, including the USA.
Are the active ingredients ORIGINAL* or GENERICS**?
- Fipronil: GENERIC (introduced in the 1990s by MERIAL)
- Metophrene: GENERIC (introduced in the 1970s by ZOECON)
*Meaning that they are still patent protected and generics are not yet available
**Meaning that they have lost patent protection and may be acquired from manufacturers of generic active ingredients other than the holder of the original patent.
COUNTRIES where this product is marketed (maybe under another TM): USA
GENERIC BRANDS available? YES, by the dozens, with a more or less comparable composition. This brand is itself a generic version of FRONTLINE PLUS (introduced by MERIAL in the 1990s)
Click here to learn more about GENERIC vs. ORIGINAL drugs.
PETLOCK from HORIZON VALLEY GENERICS is another generic fipronil + methoprene OTC spot-on brand for flea and tick control in dogs and cats in the USA. It is the generic version of Merial's FRONTLINE PLUS.
Administered about every 4 weeks controls established flea infestations and prevents flea populations to develop in the pets environment, but only if all the dogs and cats in the same household are treated. It also kills several tick species ( including those that can transmit Lyme disease) as well as chewing lice (Felicola subrostratus, Trichodectes canis)
Fipronil is a broad-spectrum insecticide and acaricide belonging to the phenylpyrazoles introduced in the late 1980s (by RHÔNE MÉRIEUX → MERIAL). It is massively used in pets and agriculture, and is also moderately used against domestic pests and, in some countries in livestock too. There are hundreds of generic brands with fipronil.
Methoprene (also called (S)-methoprene) is a veteran insect development inhibitor introduced in the 1970s (by ZOECON) used moderately in pets, and agriculture. It has no effect whatsoever on ticks, only on fleas. The logic of combining both active ingredients is to ensure that if a few fleas survive the killing effect of fipronil (what usually happens) development of their offspring is inhibited, because the eggs of the surviving fleas won't developed.
This combination of two active ingredients of different chemical classes makes also sense regarding resistance prevention, because it means attacking fleas through two different mechanisms of action, which is vastly assumed to help preventing or at least delaying resistance development.
Nowadays, after fipronil lost patent protection there are dozens of flea spot-ons for dogs and cats with generic fipronil, alone or in several mixtures with other active ingredients. But not all the brands are available in all countries.
- Most topical products kill or sterilize the parasites before they bite and suck blood on the pet, whereas systemic products kill or sterilize the parasites only after their blood meal.
- Topical products cannot be vomited.
- Spot-ons and collars are very convenient to administer.
- There is a larger choice of topical products.
But topical products have also some disadvantages:
- Topical products contaminate the pet's hair coat and it is advisable for children and also adults to avoid contact with the pet for several days after treatment.
- Topical products may not control parasites in some parts of the pet's body (e.g. the ears, below the tail, between the legs, etc.), whereas systemic products reach the blood-sucking parasites through the blood wherever they are.
- Efficacy of topical products may be reduced or shortened through exposure to dirt, sun, shampooing, washing, rain, baths, etc., whereas efficacy of systemic products is independent from these factors.
Click here for an overview on comparable brands for the control of external parasites in pets.
This article IS NOT A PRODUCT LABEL. It offers complementary information that may be useful to veterinary professionals and users that are not familiar with veterinary antiparasitics.
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In case of doubt contact the manufacturer or a veterinary professional.