Please enable JavaScript!
Bitte aktiviere JavaScript!
S'il vous plaît activer JavaScript!
Por favor,activa el JavaScript!

It is impossible for an individual person to read everything that is published around the world on the biology and control of veterinary parasites. The selection shown here is obviously subjective: what I find most useful, complete or significative of what I have read.

Many books, manuals, monographs and reviews on veterinary parasitology show the same weakness: soon after publication they become outdated, especially those dealing with control methods and with parasiticides. However, information regarding the biology of the parasites usually remains valid for decades, even if researchers continue deepening our knowledge: it is unusual that new data contradict the previous knowledge.

Several of the cited references may not be easily accessible to visitors of this site, although online availability is rapidly growing, unfortunately not always free of charge.

I have divided the references in two groups:

  • Books and reviews (link): a selection of manuals, reviews, monographs, etc. on particular topics related to veterinary parasitology.
  • Scientific papers (link): a selection of articles in scientific journals with significant results on the biology and control of veterinary parasites. Since this site is not primarily addressed to specialists and researchers, the thousands of very specific papers and many on clinical studies of parasiticides are largely excluded.

It is my wish to regularly update this references as well as the site content based on the most significant new results. Please, apologize for delays or ommisions.

Books and reviews

Anonymous. 1975. Cattle tick in Australia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. ISBN 0-642-00880-9.

Anonymous. 1985. Parasites of Cattle. Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ, USA.

Anonymous. 1985. Parasites of Sheep. Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ, USA.

Anonymous. 1985. Parasites of Swine. Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ, USA.

Arlian LG. 1989. Biology, host relations, and epidemiology of Sarcoptes scabiei. Annual Review of Entomology 34, 139-161.

Arundel JH & Sutherland AK. 1988. Ectoparasitic Diseases of Sheep, Cattle, Goats and Horses. Animal Health in Australia, Vol. 10, 34-72. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Axtell RC. 1986. Fly management in poultry production. Cultural, biological, and chemical. Poultry Science 65, 657-667.

Axtell RC. 1986. Fly control in confined livestock and poultry production. Technical Monograph. Ciba-Geigy Corporation, Greensboro, N.C., USA.

Axtell RC & Arends JJ. 1990. Ecology and management of arthropod pests of poultry. Annual Review of Entomology 35, 101-126.

Barnett SF. 1968. The control of ticks on livestock. FAO Agricultural Studies No. 54. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Barriga O. 2002. Las enfermedades parasitarias de los animales domésticos en América Latina. Editorial Germinal, Santiago, Chile

Bath GF. 2011. Non-pharmaceutical Control of Endoparasitic Infections in Sheep. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 27, 157-162.

Bazin S et al. 1994. Maladies des bovins. France Agricole, Paris. ISBN 2-85557-012-3.

Boero JJ. 1967. Parasitosis Animales. Tomo III: Helmintiasis – Entomozoosis. Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires.

Borchert A. 1981. Parasitología veterinaria. Acribia, Zaragoza. ISBN 978-84-200-0081-7

Boulard C & Thornberry H. 1984. Warble fly control in Europe. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. ISBN 90-6191-529-5.

Bowman, D. 2004. Parasitología para veterinarios. Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 848174719X.

Brander GC, Pugh DM, Bywater, RJ. 1982. Veterinary applied pharmacology & therapeutics. 36. Anthelmintics, 470-502. Baillière Tindall, London. ISBN 0 7020 0871 0.

Brander GC. 1986. Chemicals for animal health control. Taylor & Francies, London. ISBN 0-85066-358-X.

Burton HW & Barrett JH. 1986. External parasites of poultry. Queensland Agricultural Journal, Jan-Feb, 5-11.

Byford RL et al. 1992. A review of ectoparasites and their effect on cattle production. Journal of Animal Science 70, 597-602.

Campbell JB & Thomas GD. 1996. Economic thresholds for veterinary pests. In Economic thresholds for integrated pest management, 179-202, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln. ISBN 0-8032-2363-3.

Cawthorne, R.J.G. 1984. Anthelmintics for cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses and poultry. Ministry of Agriculture, Fiasheries and Food, Booklet 2412, Weybridge, Surrey, UK.

Cordero del Campillo, Miguel. 1999. Parasitología Veterinaria. McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 8448602366. ISBN-13: 9788448602369

Denholm I et al (Eds). 1999. Insecticide Resistance: From Mechanisms to Management. CABI Publishing, Wallingford. ISBN 0-85199-367-2

Dhadialla TS (Ed). 2012. Insect Growth Disruptors. Advances in insect Physiology, 43. ISBN 978-0-12-391500-9.

Drummond RO et al. 1981. Estimated losses of livestock to pests. In Pimentel D (ed) Handbook on Pest Management in Agriculture, Vol. I, 111-127, CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Drummond RO et al. 1987. Economic Aspects of ectoparasites of cattle in North America. In WHD Leaning and J Guerrero: “The economic impact of parasitism in cattle”. Proceedings of the MSD AGVET Symposium, August 19, 1987, 9-24.

Drummond RO et al. 1988. Control of arthropod pests of livestock. A review of technology. CRC Press, Boca Raton. ISBN 0-8493-6860-X.

Eckert J et al. (editors). 2002. WHO/OIE Manual on Echinococcosis in Humans and Animals: a Public Health Problem of Global Concern. World Organization of Animal Health, Paris. ISBN 92-9044-522-X.

Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. 1983. Ticks and tick-borne diseases. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper no. 36. Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome. ISBN 92-5-101289-X.

Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. 1994. A Systematic approach to tsetse and trypanosomiasis control. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 121. Rome. ISBN 92-5-003554-3. (in English and French)

Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. 2003. Resistencia a los antiparasitarios. Estado actual con énfasis en América Latina. Estudio FAO Producción y sanidad animal 157. ISBN 92-5-304967-7

Fox P. 1990. Insect growth regulators. PJB Publications, Richmond.

George DP et al. 2014. Present and future potential of plant-derived products to control arthropods of veterinary and medical significance. Parasites & Vectors 7:28.

Gonzales JC. 1974. O controle do carrapato dos bovinos. Livraria Sulina Editora, Porto Alegre.

Hiepe T & Ribbeck R. 1982. Lehrbuch der Parasitologie. Vol. 3. Veterinärmedizinische Helminthologie. ISBN 3-437-20286-3. Vol. 4. Veterinärmedizinische Arachno-Entomologie. ISBN 3-437-20252-9, G. Fischer, Stuttgart.

Holland CV & Smith HV, eds. 2006. Toxocara, the Enigmatic Parasite. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK. ISBN-13 978-1-84593-026-4.

Horn SC. 1987. Bovine ectoparasites and their economic impact in South America. In WHD Leaning and J Guerrero: “The economic impact of parasitism in cattle”. Proceedings of the MSD AGVET Symposium, August 19, 1987, 25-27.

Hoste H et al. 2011. Control of Endoparasitic Nematode Infections in Goats. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 27, 163-173.

Isman, MB. 2006. Botanical insecticides, deterrents and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasing regulated world. Annual Review of Entomology 51, 45-66.

Jonsson NN & Piper EK. 2007. Integrated control programs for ticks on cattle. UQ Printery, The University of Queensland, QLD, 4072, Australia. ISBN978-0-646-48137-1.

Kaufmann J. 1996. Parasitic infections of domestic animals. Birkhäuser, Basel, Boston, Berlin. ISBN 3-7643-5115-2.

Kettle DS. 1995. Medical and veterinary entomology. CAB International, Wallingford. ISBN 0-85198-968-3.

Kunz SE & Kemp DH. 1994. Insecticides and acaricides: resistance and environmental impact. Revue Scientifique de l'Office International des Epizooties 13, 1249-1286.

Lancaster JL & Meisch MV. 1986. Arthropods in livestock and poultry production. Ellis Horwood, Chichester 1986. ISBN 0-85312-790-5.

Lapage G. 1975. Parasitología Veterinaria. Compañía Editorial Continental S.A. México.

Levine, D.N. 1983. Tratado de parasitología veterinaria. Acribia, Zaragoza. ISBN 84-200-0518-5.

Loomis EC. 1986. Ectoparasites of cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 2, 299-321.

Mage C. 1998. Parasites des moutons: prévention, diagnostic, traitement. France Agricole, Paris. ISBN 2-85557-038-7

Maia MF & Moore SJ. 2011. Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing. Malaria Journal 10(Suppl 1):11.

Mali RG & Mehta AA. 2008. A review on anthelmintic plants. Natural Product Radiance 7, 466-475.

Marchand A. 1987. The economic impact of parasitism in cattle in France. In WHD Leaning and J Guerrero: “The economic impact of parasitism in cattle”. Proceedings of the MSD AGVET Symposium, August 19, 1987, 73-75.

Marquardt WC et al. 2000. Parasitology and vector biology. Harcourt Academic Press, San Diego. ISBN 0-12-473275-5.

Matzigkeit U. 1990. Natural Veterinary Medicine. Ectoparasites in the tropics. Josef Margraf, Filderstadt. ISBN 3-8236-1195-X.

Mehlhorn H & Piekarski G. 1995. Grundrisse der Parasitenkunde. G. Fischer, Stuttgart.ISBN 3-8252-1075-8.

Mehlhorn H & Piekarski G. 1993. Fundamentos de parasitología. Parásitos del hombre y de los animales domésticos. Acribia, Zaragoza. ISBN978-84-200-0738-0

Mehlhorn H (ed.). 1988. Parasitology in focus. Springer, Berlin. ISBN 3-540-17838-4.

Miller RW & Miller JA. 1983. Feed-through chemicals for insect control in animals. In Hilton JL (ed.), Agricultural chemicals of the future, Rowman & Allanheld, Totowa.

Nansen P et al. 1981. Epidemiology and Control of Nematodiasis in Cattle. Martinus Nijhof Publishers for the Commission of the European Communities. The Hague. ISBN 90-247-2502-X

Núñez JL et al. 1982. Boophilus microplus: la garrapata común del ganado vacuno. EditorialHemisferio Sur, Buenos Aires.

Obenchain FD & Galun R. 1982. Physiology of ticks. Pergamon Press, Oxford. ISBN 0-08-024937-X.

Permin A & Hansen JW. 1998. Epidemiology, Diagnosis and control of poultry parasites. FAO Animal health Manual no. 4. FAO, Rome. ISBN 92-5-104215-2.

Plant JW & Cristopher JL. 2011. Treatment and Control of Ectoparasites in Sheep. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 27, 203-212.

Roberson EL & Courtney CH. 1995. Anticestodal and antitrematodal drugs. In Adams HR (ed.) Veterinary Pharmacology and therapeutics, 933-954. Iowa State University Press, Ames, ISBN 0813817439.

Rodhain F & Perez C. 1985. Précis d'entomologie médicale et vétérinaire. Maloine, Paris. ISBN 2-224-01041-9.

Rutz DA & Patterson RS. 1990. Biocontrol of arthropods affecting livestock and poultry. Westview Press, Boulder. ISBN 0-8133-7850-8.

Sandeman RM et al. 1991. Immunological control of blowfly strike. Australian Wool Corporation, Melbourne. ISBN 0-642-15504-6.

Sargison ND. 2011. Pharmaceutical Control of Endoparasitic Helminth Infections in Sheep. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 27, 139-156.

Sauer JR & Hair JA 1986. Morphology, physiology, and behavioral biology of ticks. Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester. ISBN 0-85312-841-3

Skidmore P. 1985. The biology of the Muscidae of the world. Junk, Dordrecht.ISBN 90-6193-139-8.

Smale K (ed.). 1991. Product Profiles Ectoparasitics. PJP Publications, Richmond.

Smith A. 1982. Chemical methods for the control of vectors and pests of public health importance. WHO, Geneva.

Sutherst RW & Utech KBW. 1980. Controlling livestock parasites with host resistance. In CRC Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture, Vol. II, 385-407, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton.

Tomlin CDS, ed. 2003. The pesticide manual. 13. edición. ISBN 1901396134 (Newer issues available).

Urquhart GM et al. 1996. Veterinary parasitology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.ISBN 0-632-04051-3.

Urquhart GM. Et al. 2001. Parasitología veterinaria. Acribia, Zaragoza. ISBN: 8420009555. ISBN-13: 9788420009551.

Vercruysse J et al. 2009. Novel Approaches for the Sustainable Control of Nematodes in Ruminants (Parasol). Veterinary Parasitology 164, 1-88

Wall R & Langley P. 1991. From behaviour to control: the development of trap and target techniques for tsetse fly population management. Agricultural Zoology Reviews 4, 137-159.

Wall R & Shearer D. 1997. Veterinary entomology. Chapman & Hall, London. ISBN 0-412-61510-X.

Wellcome Research Organisation. 1976. Cattle tick control. Matthewson MD: prepared by members of the Wellcome Research Organisation, Cooper Division, Wellcome Foundation, Berkhamsted.

Whalon ME et al (Eds). 2008. Global Pesticidce Resistance in Arthropods. CABI Publishing, Wallingford. ISBN 978-1-84593-353-1.

Williams RE et al (eds.). 1985. Livestock entomology. John Wiley & Sons, New York. ISBN 0-471-81064-9.

World Health Organization. 1991. The housefly: intermediate level training and information guide. WHO/VBC No. 90.987. In Vector Control Series. World Health Organization,1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

World Health Organization. 1992. Vector resistance to pesticides. WHO Technical Report Series 818. World Health Organization,1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

Scientific papers

Abbas RZ et al. 2014. Acaricide resistance in cattle ticks and approaches to its management: The state of play. Veterinary Parasitology 203, 6–20.

Abbas RZ et al. Acaricidal drug resistance in poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) and approaches to its management. World's Poultry Science Journal 70, 113-124.

Aguilar-Tipacamu G & Rodriguez-Vivas RI. 2003. Effect of moxidectin against natural infestation of the cattle tick Boophilus microplus (Acarina: Ixodidae) in the Mexican tropics. Veterinary Parasitology 111, 211-216.

Ahmad A & Zurek L. 2009. Evaluation of metaflumizone granular fly bait for management of houseflies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 23, 167-169.

Alba-Hurtado F et al. 2010. Comparison of parasitological and productive traits of Criollo lambs native to the central Mexican Plateau and Suffolk lambs experimentally infected with Haemonchus contortus. Veterinary Parasitology 172, 277-282.

Almeida FA et al. 2010. Multiple resistance to anthelmintics by Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis in sheep in Brazil. Parasitology International 59, 622-625.

Alonso Díaz MA et al. 2013. Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) tick populations susceptible or resistant to acaricides in the Mexican Tropics. Veterinary Parasitology 197, 326-331.

Alva-Valdes R et al. 1986. The effects of sarcoptic mange on the productivity of pigs. Veterinary Medicine 3/86, 258-262.

Álvarez L et al. 2009. Comparative assessment of albendazole and triclabendazole ovicidal activity on Fasciola hepatica eggs. Veterinary Parasitology 164, 211-216.

Alves Mochi D et al. 2010. Efficiency of entomopathogenic fungi in the control of eggs and larvae of the horn fly Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae). Veterinary Parasitology 167, 62-66.

Amarante aft et al. 2009. Resistance of Santa Ines and crossbred ewes to naturally acquired gastrointestinal nematode infections. Veterinary Parasitology 165, 273-280.

Anadón A et al. 2009. Use and abuse of pyrethrins and synthetic pyrethroids in veterinary medicine. The Veterinary Journal 182, 7-20.

Andreotti R et al. 2013. Protective action of Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae) essential oil in the control of Rhipicephalus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae) in a cattle pen trial. Veterinary Parasitology 197, 341-345.

Ángel-Sahagún CA et al. 2010. Virulence of Mexican isolates of entomopathogenic fungi (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) upon RhipicephalusBoophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) larvae and the efficacy of conidia formulations to reduce larval tick density under field conditions. Veterinary Parasitology 170, 278-286.

Angeli Alves LF et al. 2020. Association of mechanical cleaning and a liquid preparation of diatomaceous earth in the management of poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (Mesostigmata: Dermanyssidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology 81, 215–222.

Angelo IC et al 2010. Efficiency of Lecanicillium lecanii to control the tick Rhipicephalus microplus. Veterinary Parasitology 172, 317-322.

Arends JJ & Robertson SH. 1986. Integrated pest management for poultry production: Implementation through integrated poultry companies. Poultry Science 65, 675-682.

Arends JJ et al. 1990. Effects of sarcoptic mange on lactating swine and growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 68, 1495-1499.

Atkas M et al. 2012. A survey of ixodid ticks feeding on cattle and prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Veterinary Parasitology 187, 567-571.

Axtell RC. 1986. Fly management in poultry production. Cultural, biological, and chemical. Poultry Science 65, 657-667.

Baker CF et al. 2014. Efficacy of a single dose of a novel topical combination product containing eprinomectin to prevent heartworm infection in cats. Veterinary Parasitology 202, 49–53.

Baker et al. 2014. Efficacy of a novel topical combination of fipronil, (S)-methoprene, eprinomectin and praziquantel against adult and immature stages of the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) on cats. Veterinary Parasitology 202, 54–58.

Baker KE et al. 2012. Efficacy of monepantel and anthelmintic combinations against multiple-resistant Haemonchus contortus in sheep, including characterisation of the nematode isolate. Veterinary Parasitology 186, 513-517.

Baker KE et al. 2014. Effective control of a suspected cyromazine-resistant strain of Lucilia cuprina using commercial spray-on formulations of cyromazine or dicyclanil. Australian Veterinary Journal 92, 376–380.

Barnard DR et al. 1994. Integrated management strategies for Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) on pastured beef cattle. Journal of Medical Entomology 31, 571-585.

Barré N & Garris GI. 1990. Biology and ecology of Amblyomma variegatum (Acari: Ixodidae) in the Caribbean: implications for a regional eradication program. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 7, 1-9.

Barré N et al. 1995. Propagation of the tick Amblyomma variegatum in the Caribbean. Revue scientifique et technique de l’Office international des Epizooties 14, 841-855.

Barré N et al. 1996. Tropical bont tick eradication campaign in the French Antilles. Current status. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 791, 64-76.

Barros ATM et al. 1999. Evaluation of a yearly insecticidal ear tag rotation for control of pyrethroid-resistant horn flies (Diptera: Muscidae). Veterinary Parasitology 82, 317-325.

Barth CL. 1986. Fly control through manure management. Poultry Science 65, 668-674.

Bartley DJ et al. 2015. Selection and characterisation of monepantel resistance in Teladorsagia circumcincta isolates. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 5, 69-76.

Bartley K et al. 2017. Field evaluation of poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) native and recombinant prototype vaccines. Veterinary Parasitology 244, 25-34.

Bassetto CC et al. 2018. Trials with the Haemonchus vaccine, Barbervax®, in ewes and lambs in a tropical environment: Nutrient supplementation improves protection in periparturient ewes. Veterinary Parasitology 264, 52-57.

Bates PG. 1999. Chewing lice, sheep scab and systemic endectocides. The Veterinary Record 143, 243.

Beasley A et al. 2015. Suspected ivermectin resistance in a south-east Queensland Parascaris equorum population. Australian Veterinary Journal 93, 305-307.

Becerra-Nava R et al. 2014. First report of cattle farms with gastrointestinal nematodes resistant to levamisole in Mexico. Veterinary Parasitology 204, 285–290.

Becerra de Melo LR et al. 2021. Resistance of bovine gastrointestinal nematodes to four classes of anthelmintics in the semiarid region of Paraíba state, Brazil. Revista brasileira de parasitologia veterinária 30,

Bennema SC et al. 2011. Relative importance of management, meteorological and environmental factors in the spatial distribution of Fasciola hepatica in dairy cattle in a temperate climate zone. International Journal for Parasitology 41, 225-233.

Bennett W & Surgeoner G. 1996. Non-chemical fly control in swine barns. Agri-food Research in Ontario 19, 9-10.

Beugnet F et al. 1997. Resistance of the red poultry mite to pyrethroids in France. The veterinary Record 140, 577-579.

Bissinger BW et al. 2016. Sustained efficacy of the novel topical repellent TT-4302 against mosquitoes and ticks. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 30, 107-111.

Boes J et al. 2010. Effect of Ascaris suum infection on performance of fattening pigs. Veterinary Parasitology 172, 269-276

Bokma BH. 1996. Puerto Rico tick program. Potential conversion to an integrated pest management program. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 791, 94-99.

Böhm C et al. 2014. Assessment of the combination of spinosad and milbemycin oxime in preventing the development of canine Angiostrongylus vasorum infections. Veterinary Parasitology 199, 272-277.

Bonatte et al. 2019. Economic performance evaluation of Brangus and Nellore cattle breed naturally infested with Rhipicephalus microplus in an extensive production system in Central-West Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology 78, 565–577.

Bourguinat C et al. 2011. Macrocyclic lactone resistance in Dirofilaria immitisVeterinary Parasitology 181, 388-392.

Bourguinat C et al. 2015. Macrocyclic lactone resistance in Dirofilaria immitis. Failure of heartworm preventatives and investigation of genetic markers for resistance. Veterinary Parasitology 210, 167-178.

Bousquet-Mélou A. et al. 2011. Licking behaviour induces partial anthelmintic efficacy of ivermectin pour-on formulation in untreated cattle. International Journal for Parasitology, 41, 563-569.

Breijo M et al. 2014. Accessibility of blood affects the attractiveness of cattle to horn flies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 28, 116-118.

Brightling A. 1989. Evaluation of strategies for control of sheep lice (Damalinia ovis) with an epidemiological model. Australian Veterinary Journal 66, 55-58.

Brockwell YM et al. 2014. Confirmation of Fasciola hepatica resistant to triclabendazole in naturally infected Australian beef and dairy cattle. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 4, 48-54.

Brown SA. 1990. Drug delivery systems for pasture cattle. The Compendium - Food Animal 12, 1140-1149.

Bullen SL et al. 2016. Anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of dairy cattle in the Macalister Irrigation District of Victoria. Australian Veterinary Journal 94, 35-41.

Bulman GM et al. 1999. Haematobia irritans irritans y su control en Argentina: pasado, presente y futuro. Therios 28, 190-198.

Burke JM et al. 2009. Impact of rotational grazing on management of gastrointestinal nematodes in weaned lambs. Veterinary Parasitology 163, 67-72.

Burke JM et al. 2009. Garlic and papaya lack control over gastrointestinal nematodes in goats and lambs. Veterinary Parasitology 159, 171-174.

Burke JM et al. 2009. Herbal dewormer fails to control gastrointestinal nematodes in goats. Veterinary Parasitology 160, 168-170.

Burke JM et al. 2010. Administration of copper oxide wire particles in a capsule or feed for gastrointestinal nematode control in goats. Veterinary Parasitology 168, 346-350.

Burke JM et al. 2012. Use of a mixed Sericea lespedeza and grass pasture system for control of gastrointestinal nematodes in lambs and kids. Veterinary Parasitology 186, 328-336.

Burke JM et al. 2016. Examination of commercially available copper oxide wire particles in combination with albendazole for control of gastrointestinal nematodes in lambs. Veterinary Parasitology 215, 1-4.

Burton HW & Barrett JH. 1986. External parasites of poultry. Queensland Agricultural Journal Jan-Feb, 5-11.

Bustamante M et al. 2009. The efficacy of monepantel, an amino-acetonitrile derivative, against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in three countries of southern Latin America. Parasitology research 106, 139-144.

Byford RL et al. 1992. A review of ectoparasites and their effect on cattle production. Journal of Animal Science 70, 597-602.

Calvete C et al. 2012. Management and environmental factors related to benzimidazole resistance in sheep nematodes in Northeast Spain. Veterinary Parasitology 184, 193–203.

Camargo MG et al. 2012. Effect of oil-based formulations of acari pathogenic fungi to control Rhipicephalus microplus ticks under laboratory coditions. Veterinary Parasitology 188, 140-147.

Camargo MG et al. 2016. Metarhizium anisopliae for controlling Rhipicephalus microplus ticks under field conditions. Veterinary Parasitology 223, 38-42.

Campbell J. 1996. Insecticide ear tags. Large Animal Veterinarian 51(2), 22-24.

Campbell WC. 2012. History of avermectin and ivermectin, with notes on the history of other macrocyclic lactone antiparasitic Agents. Current Pharmaceutical Biotehcnology, 13, 853-865.

Canul Ku H: et al. 2012. Prevalence of cattle herds with ivermectin resistant nematodes in the hot sub-humid tropics of Mexico. Veterinary Parasitology 183, 292-298.

Carroll JF et al. 2010. Elemol and amyris oil repel the ticks Ixodes scapularis and Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) in laboratory bioassays. Experimental and Applied Acarology 51, 383-392.

Carvalho CO et al. 2012. The anthelmintic effect of plant extracts on Haemonchus contortus and Strongyloides venezuelensis. Veterinary Parasitology 183, 260-268.

Castro-Janer E. et al. 2010. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acri: Ixodidae) resistance to fipronil in Uruguay evaluated by in vitro bioassays. Veterinary Parasitology, 169, 172-177.

Castro-Janer E. et al. 2010. Diagnoses of fipronil resistance in Brazilian cattle ticks (Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus) using in vitro larval bioassays. Veterinary Parasitology, 173, 300-306.

Castro-Janer E. et al. 2011. Determination of the susceptibility of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) to ivermectin and fipronil by Larval Immersion Test (LIT) in Uruguay. Veterinary Parasitology, 178, 148-155

Cetin H et al. 2009. Comparative efficacy of spinosad with conventional acaricides against hard and soft tick populations from Antalya, Turkey. Veterinary Parasitology 163, 101-104.

Cetin H et al. 2009. Acaricidal effects of the essential oil of Origanum minutiflorum (Lamiaceae) against Rhipicephalus turanicus (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology 160, 359-361.

Chauve C. 1998. The poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 178): current situation and future prospects of control. Veterinary Parasitology 79, 239-245.

Chávez F. 2016. Case report of afoxolaner treatment for canine demodicosis in four dogs naturally infested with Demodex canis. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine 14, 123-127.

Chicoine AL et al. 2007. Ivermectin use and resulting milk residues on 4 Canadian dairy herds. The Canadian Veterinary Journal 48, 836-838.

Cilek JE & Knapp FW. 1993. Enhanced diazinon susceptibility in pyrethroid-resistant horn flies (Diptera: Muscidae): potential for insecticide resistance management. Journal of Economic Entomology 86, 1303-1307.

Cintra MCR et al. 2016. Lack of efficacy of monepantel against Trichostrongylus colubriformis in sheep in Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 2016, 4-6.

Cole D & Heath ACG. 1999. Progress towards development and adoption of integrated management systems against flystrike and lice in sheep. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association 61, 37-42.

Coles GC. 1998. Drug-resistant parasites of sheep: an emerging problem in Britain? Parasitology Today, 14, 86-88.

Collobert-Laugier C et al. 2000. Prevalence of stomach nematodes (Habronema spp, Draschia megastoma and Trichostrongylus axei) in horses examined post mortem in Normandy. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 151, 151-156.

Colvin et al. 2022. Prevalence of sheep lice and trends in control practices across Australia – Australian sheep parasite control surveys from 2003 to 2019. Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports 27, 100662.

Conboy GA. 2000. Canine Angiostrongylosis (French Heartworm). En: Companion and Exotic Animal Parasitology, Bowman D.D. (Ed.). International Veterinary Information Service (

Conboy G. et al. 2013. Efficacy of Milbemax (milbemycin oxime + praziquantel) in the treatment of dogs experimentally infected with Crenosoma vulpis. Veterinary Parasitology 198, 319-324.

Conde MH et al. 2020. First report of Dermatobia hominis resistant to doramectin in cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 289, 109335.

Condi GK et al. 2009. Moxidectin-resistant nematodes in cattle in Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 161, 213-217

Corke MJ & Broom DM. 1999.The behaviour of sheep with sheep scab, Psoroptes ovis infestation. Veterinary Parasitology 83, 291-300.

Corning S. 2009. Equine cyathostomins: a review of biology, clinical significance and therapy. Parasite & Vectors 2 (Suppl 2): S1.

Correia TR et al. 2010 Larvicidal efficacy of nitenpyram on the treatment of myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 173, 169-172.

Costa CTC et al. 2009. Anthelmintic activity of Cocos nucifera L. on intestinal nematodes of mice. Research in Veterinary Science 87, 1011-103.

Costa Júnior LM & Furlong J. 2011. Efficiency of sulphur in garlic extract and non-sulphur homeopathy in the control of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 25, 7–11.

Crespo DC et al. 1998. Biological control: an important component in integrated management of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) in caged-layer poultry houses in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Biological Control 13, 16-24.

Cruz BC et al. 2014. Effects of fluazuron (2.5 mg/kg) and a combination of fluazuron (3.0 mg/kg) + abamectin (0.5 mg/kg) on the reproductive parameters of a field population of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus on experimentally infested cattle. Research in Veterinary Science 97, 80–84.

Cruz Mendoza I et al. 2010. Transmission dynamics of Fasciola hepatica in the Plateau Region of Mexico. Effect of weather and treatment of mammals under current farm management. Veterinary Parasitology 175, 73-79.

Curtis R. 1985. Amitraz in the control of non-ixodide ectoparasites of livestock. Veterinary Parasitology 18, 251-264.

Curtis RJ. 1987. Ectoparasite resistance in Australia with particular reference to ticks. Chemistry and Industry April 1987, 270-273.

Cutullé C et al. 2013. In vitro diagnosis of the first case of amitraz resistance in Rhipicephalus microplus in Santo Tomé (Corrientes), Argentina. Veterinary Parasitology 192, 296-300.

Da Silva ME et al. 2014. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Duddingtonia flagrans and Monacrosporium thaumasium in the biological control of gastrointestinal nematodes in female bovines bred in the semiarid region. Veterinary Research Communicat. ions 38, 101-106.

Das Neves JE et al. 2015. Dermatobia hominis: Potencial risk of resistance to macrocyclic lactones. Veterinary Parasitology 212, 483-486.

Davey RB et al. 2001. Efficacy of a single whole-body spray treatment of spinosad, against Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 99, 41-52

Davey RB et al. 2010. Therapeutic and persistent efficacy of a long-acting (LA) formulation of ivermectin against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) and sera concentration through time in treated cattle. Veterinary Parasitology, 169, 149-156.

Davies PR. 1995. Sarcoptic mange and production performance of swine: a review of the literature and studies of associations between mite infestation, growth rate and measures of mange severity in growing pigs. Veterinary Parasitology 60, 249-264.

Davies TGE et al. 2012. The re-emergence of the bed bug as a nuisance pest: implications of resistance to the pyrethroid insecticides. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26, 241–254.

Davis DP & Moon R. 1990. Dynamics of swine mange: a critical review of the literature. Journal of Medical Entomology 27, 727-737.

De Castro JJ & Newson RM. 1993. Host resistance in cattle tick control.Parasitology Today 9, 13-17.

Demeler J et al. 2009. Monitoring the efficacy of ivermectin and albendazole against gastro intestinal nematodes of cattle in Northern Europe. Veterinary Parasitology 160, 109-115.

DeRouen SM et al. 2009. Control of horn flies (Haematobia irritans) and gastrointestinal parasites and its relation with cow–calf performance. Veterinary Parasitology 162, 320-326.

DeWolf BD et al. 2012. Distribution of, and risk factors associated with, sheep carcass condemnations due to Cysticercus ovis infection on Canadian sheep farms. Veterinary Parasitology, 190, 434-441.

Dias Sousa LA et al. 2011. Potential synergistic effect of Melia azedarach fruit extract and Beauveria bassiana in the control of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in cattle infestations. Veterinary Parasitology 175, 320-324.

Dipeolu OO. 1989. Research on ticks of livestock in Africa: review of the trends, advances and milestones in tick biology and ecology in the decade 1980-1989. Insect Science and its Applications 10, 723-740.

Dobson RJ et al. 2011 A multi-species model to assess the effect of refugia on worm control and anthelmintic resistance in sheep grazing systems. Australian Veterinary Journal, 89, 200-208.

Doherty E et al. 2018. First evidence of resistance to macrocyclic lactones in Psoroptes ovis sheep scab mites in the UK. Veterinary Record 182, 106.

Dryden MW et al. 2012. Evaluation of the ovicidal activity of lufenuron and spinosad on fleas' eggs from treated dogs. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine, 10, 198-204.

Dumont P et al. 2014. Curative and preventive efficacy of orally administered afoxolaner against Ctenocephalides canis infestation in dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 212–215.

Dumont P et al. 2014b. Evaluation of the efficacy of afoxolaner against two European dog tick species: Dermacentor reticulatus and Ixodes ricinus. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 216–219. 

Dymock JJ & Forgie SA. 1995. Large-scale trapping of sheep blowflies in the northern North Island of New Zealand using insecticide-free traps. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 35, 699-704.

Edmonds M.D. et al. 2010. Anthelmintic resistance of Ostertagia ostertagi and Cooperia oncophora to macrocyclic lactones in cattle from the western United States. Veterinary Parasitology 170, 224-229.

Eisen RJ & Gage KL. 2012. Transmission of Flea-Borne Zoonotic Agents. Annual Review of Entomology 57, 61-82.

Ellse L & Wall R. 2014. The use of essential oils in veterinary ectoparasite control: a review. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 28, 233-243.

Epe C et al. 2009. Experiences with Duddingtonia flagrans administration to parasitized small ruminants. Veterinary Parasitology 159, 86-90.

Errecalde CA et al. 2000. La quimioresistencia a ectoparasiticidas. Veterinaria Argentina 17, 433-446.

Errouissi F & Lumaret JP. 2010. Field effects of faecal residues from ivermectin slow-release boluses on the attractiveness of cattle dung to dung beetles. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 24, 433-440.

Éverton KK et al. 2012. Perspectives on the potential of entomopathogenic fungi in biological control of ticks. Experimental Parasitology 120, 300-305.

Fairweather I et al. 2020. Drug resistance in liver flukes. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 12, 39-59.

Falzon LC et al. 2013. Anthelmintic resistance in sheep flocks in Ontario, Canada. Veterinary Parasitology 193, 250-162.

Fankhauser R et al. 2016. Efficacy of oral afoxolaner plus milbemycin oxime chewables against induced gastrointestinal nematode infections in dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 225, 117-122.

Fernandes Soares S et al. 2010. Repellent activity of plant-derived compounds against Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs. Veterinary Parasitology 167, 67-73.

Fernández Salas A et al. 2010. In vitro acaricidal effect of tannin-rich plants against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology 175, 113-118.

Fernández Salas A et al. 2012. First report of a Rhipicephalus microplus tick population multi-resistant to acaricides and ivermectin in the Mexican tropics. Veterinary Parasitology 183, 338-342.

Fiel CA et al. 2017. An attempt to replace an ivermectin-resistant Cooperia spp. population by a susceptible one on grazing pastures based on epidemiological principles and refugia management. Veterinary Parasitology 246, 53-59.

Forbes AB. 2013. LongRange™ (eprinomectin 5%) extended-release injection parasiticide and the utility of extended-activity antiparasitics in cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 192, 308-312.

French NP et al. 1992. Prevalence, regional distribution and control of blowfly strike in England and Wales. The Veterinary Record 131, 337-342.

French NP et al. 1994. Blowfly strike in England and Wales: the relationship between prevalence and farm and management factors. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 8, 51-56.

French NP et al. 1994. Ectoparasite control on sheep farms in England and Wales: the method, type and timing of insecticidal treatment. The Veterinary Record 135, 35-38.

Galindo Barboza AJ et al. 2011. Persistence of the efficacy of copper oxide wire particles against Haemonchus contortus in sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 176, 201-207.

Galvin TJ & Wyss JH. 1996. Screwworm eradication program in Central America. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 791, 233-240.

Garris GI et al. 1989. Evaluation of the eradication program for Amblyomma variegatum (Acari: Ixodidae) on Puerto Rico. Experimental and Applied Acarology 6, 67-76.

Gasbarre LC et al. 2009. Further characterization of a cattle nematode population with demonstrated resistance to current anthelmintics. Veterinary Parasitology, 166, 275-280.

Gasbarre LC et al. 2009. The identification of cattle nematode parasites resistant to multiple classes of anthelmintics in a commercial cattle population in the US. Veterinary Parasitology, 166, 281-285.

Gasbarre LC. 2014. Anthelmintic resistance in cattle nematodes in the US. Veterinary Parasitology 204, 3–11.

Gassell M et al. 2014. The novel isoxazoline ectoparasiticide fluralaner: Selective inhibition of arthropod γ-aminobutyric acid- and l-glutamate-gated chloride channels and insecticidal/acaricidal activity Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 45, 111–124.

Geary T, et al. 2011. Evidence for macrocyclic lactone anthelmintic resistance in Dirofilaria immitis. Topics in Companion Animal Medecine 26, 185-192.

George DR et al. 2009. Mode of action and variability in efficacy of plant essential oils showing toxicity against the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Veterinary Parasitology, 161, 276-282.

George DR et al. 2009. Toxicity of geraniol solution in vitro to the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus galinae. Parasite, 16, 2319-321.

George DR et al. 2010. Effect of plant essential oils as acaricides against the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae, with special focus on exposure time. Veterinary Parasitology, 169, 222-225.

George DR et al. 2010. In vitro and in vivo acaricidal activity and residual toxicity of spinosad to the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Veterinary Parasitology 173, 307-316.

George DR et al. 2015. Should the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae be of wider concern for veterinary and medical science? Parasites & Vectors, 8: 173.

George JE. 1989. Wildlife as a constraint to the eradication of Boophilus spp. (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Agricultural Entomology 7, 119-125.

George JE et al. 2005. Chemical control of ticks on cattle and the resistance of these parasites to acaricides. Parasitology 129, 353-366.

George SD et al. 2012. The comparative efficacy of abamectin, monepantel and an abamectin/derquantel combination against fourth-stage larvae of a macrocyclic lactone-resistant Teladorsagia spp. isolate infecting sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 188, 190-193.

Gerry AC, Zhang D. 2009. Behavioral resistance of house flies, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) to imidacloprid. U.S. Army Medical Department Journal, 2009 Jul-Sep:54-9.

Geurden T & Vercruysse J. 2007. Field efficacy of eprinomectin against a natural Muellerius capillaris infection in dairy goats. Veterinary Parasitology 147, 190-193.

Geurden T et al. 2012. Evaluation of the comparative efficacy of a moxidectin plus triclabendazole pour-on solution against adult and immature liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica, in cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 189, 227-232.

Geurden T et al. 2015. Anthelmintic resistance to ivermectin and moxidectin in gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle in Europe. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 5, 163-171.

Golding NG & Small RW. 2009. The relative resistance to gastrointestinal nematode infection of three British sheep breeds. Research in Veterinary Science 87, 263-264.

González Canga A et al. 2009. The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of ivermectin in domestic animal species. The Veterinary Journal 179, 25-37.

González-Warleta M et al. 2013. Bovine paramphistomosis in Galicia (Spain): prevalence, intensity, aetiology and geospatial distribution of the infection. Veterinary Parasitology 191, 252-263.

Gracia MJ et al. 1999. Las pulgas en las explotaciones del ganado ovino. ITEA Producción animal 20, (Suppl. 20, part 1), 401-403.

Graf JF. 1993. The role of insect growth regulators in arthropod control. Parasitology Today 9, 471-474.

Graf JF et al. 2005. Tick control: an industry point of view. Parasitology 129, 427-442.

Gray JS et al. 2019. Vectors of Babesiosis. Annual Review of Entomology, 64, 149-165.

Greenwood ES. 1964. Fly-strike control in sheep - an evaluation of the efficiency and persistence of available dip preparations. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 7, 375-381.

Greenwood ES. 1964. Louse Control in Sheep - a comparison of seven dipping preparations. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 7, 382-385.

Grisi L et al. 2014. Reassessment of the potential economic impact of cattle parasites in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, Jaboticabal  23, 150-156.

Gronvold J et al. 1996. Biological control - with special reference to arthropods, protozoans and helminths of domesticated animals. Veterinary Parasitology 64, 47-64.

Grosz DD et al. 2013. Overwintering strategies of a population of anthelmintic-resistant Haemonchus contortus within a sheep flock from the United States Northern Great Plains. Veterinary Parasitology 196, 143-152.

Guedes da Cruz D et al. 2010. Anthelmintic efficacy and management practices in sheep farms from the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 210, 340-343.

Guerrero FD et al. 2012. Cattle tick vaccines: Many candidate antigens, but will a commercially viable product emerge? Internationa Journal for Parasitology 2012, 421-427.

Guglielmone AA et al. 1999. Skin lesions and cattle hide damage from Haematobia irritans infestations. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 13, 324-329.

Guglielmone AA. 1995. Epidemiology of babesiosis and anaplasmosis in South and Central America. Veterinary Parasitology 57, 109-119.

Gujja S et al. 2013. Effect of supplemental sericea lespedeza leaf meal pellets on gastrointestinal nematode infection in grazing goats. Veterinary Parasitology 191, 51-58.

Hall MJR. 1997. Traumatic myiasis of sheep in Europe: a review. Parassitologia (Roma) 39, 409-413.

Halley BA et al. 1993. Environmental effects of the usage of avermectins in livestock. Veterinary Parasitology 48, 109-125.

Hargrove JW et al. 2000. Insecticide-treated cattle for tsetse control: the power and the problems. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 14, 123-130.

Healey K et al. 2018. Field evaluation of Duddingtonia flagrans IAH 1297 for the reduction of worm burden in grazing animals: Tracer studies in sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 253, 48-54.

Healey K et al. 2018. Field evaluation of Duddingtonia flagrans IAH 1297 for the reduction of worm burden in grazing animals: Pasture larval studies in horses, cattle and goats. Veterinary Parasitology 258, 124-132.

Heath ACG et al. 1995. Evaluation of non-conventional treatments for control of the biting louse (Bovicola ovis) on sheep. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 9, 407-412.

Heath ACG. 1986. Fly-strike in New Zealand. Fauna of New Zealand 8, 15-18.

Heckler RP et al. 2016. New approach for the strategic control of gastrointestinal nematodes in grazed beef cattle during the growing phase in central Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 221, 123-129.

Hegglin D & Deplazes P. 2013. Control of Echinococcus multilocularis: Strategies, feasibility and cost–benefit analyses. International Journal for Parasitology 43, 327-337.

Henderson A. 1995. Flies. First rate facility management is the best fly control. Large Animal veterinarian 50, 6-12.

Herd R. 1995. Endectocidal drugs: ecological risks and counter-measures. International Journal for Parasitology 25, 875-885.

Herholz C et al. 2016. Efficacy of the repellent N,N-diethyl-3-methyl-benzamide (DEET) against tabanid flies on horses evaluated in a field test in Switzerland. Veterinary Parasitology 221, 64-67.

Hernández JA et al. 2016. Feeding horses with industrially manufactured pellets with fungal spores to promote nematode integrated control. Veterinary Parasitology, 229, 37-44.

Hernández-Villegas MM et al. 2012. In vivo anthelmintic activity of Phytolacca icosandra against Haemonchus contortus in goats. Veterinary Parasitology 189, 284-290.

Hertzberg H et al. 2002. Biologische Helminthenkontrolle bei Weidetieren mit nematophagen Pilzen. Berliner Münchner Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 115, 278-285.

Hinkle NC & Hinkle LA. 1999. California caged layer pest management evaluation. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 8, 327-338.

Hodgkinson JE et al. 2019. Refugia and anthelmintic resistance: Concepts and challenges. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 10, 51-57.

Hoffmann G. 1987. Fliegenbefall in landwirtschaftlichen betrieben - Resistenzursachen und Bekämpfungsmethoden. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift 95, 10-14.

Hoffmann G. 1987. Vogelmilben als Lästlinge, Krankheitserzeuger und Vektoren bei Mensch und Nutztier. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenzeitschrift 95, 7-10.

Hogsette JA et al. 2012. Nuisance flies on Australian cattle feedlots: immature populations. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26, 46–55.

Holroyd RG et al. 1988. Effect of cattle tick (Boophilus microplus) infestation on performance of Bos indicus cross cows and their progeny. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 28, 1-9.

Holter P et al. 1994. Effects of ivermectin on pastureland ecology. The Veterinary Record 135, 211-212.

Hosking BC et al. 2009. Dose confirmation studies for monepantel, an amino-acetonitrile derivative, against fourth stage gastro-intestinal nematode larvae infecting sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 160, 251-257.

Hosking BC et al. 2009. Clinical field study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the amino-acetonitrile derivative, monepantel, compared with registered anthelmintics against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 87, 455-462

Howard J & Wall R. 1996. Control of the house fly, Musca domestica, in poultry units: current techniques and future prospects. Agricultural Zoology Reviews 7, 247-265.

Hunter III JS et al. Evaluation of the curative and preventive efficacy of a single oral administration of afoxolaner against cat flea Ctenocephalides felis infestations on dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 207–211.

Hutchinson GW et al. 2009. Efficacy of an injectable combination anthelmintic (nitroxynil + clorsulon + ivermectin) against early immature Fasciola hepatica compared to triclabendazole combination flukicides given orally or topically to cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 162, 278-284.

Iezzi S & Lifschitz A. 2014. Closantel plasma and milk disposition in dairy goats: assessment of drug residues in cheese and ricotta. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 37, 523 - 624.

Imperiale F et al. 1009. Licking induced changes to the pattern of moxidectin milk elimination after topical treatment in dairy cows. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 32, 534-540.

Iqbal Z et al. 2010. In vivo anthelmintic activity of Azadirachta indica A. Juss seeds against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 168, 342-245.

James PJ & Callander JT. 2012. Dipping and jetting with tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil formulations control lice (Bovicola ovis) on sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 189, 338-343.

Jones IM et al. 2014. 0.4% Dimeticone spray, a novel physically acting household treatment for control of cat fleas. Veterinary Parasitology 199, 99-106.

Jongjean F. 1998. Integrated control of ticks and tick-borne diseases (ICTTD). Parasitology Today 14, 173-176.

Jonsson NN et al. 1998. Production effects of cattle tick (Boophilus microplus) infestation of high yield dairy cows. Veterinary Parasitology 78, 65-77.

Jonsson NN. 1997. Control of cattle tick (Boophilus microplus) on Queensland dairy farms. Australian Veterinary Journal 75, 802-807.

Jonsson NN et al. 2009. Rotation of treatments between spinosad and amitraz for the control of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus populations with amitraz resistance. Veterinary Parasitology, 169, 157-164.

Junco M et al. 2021. Effect of macrocyclic lactones on nontarget coprophilic organisms: a review. Parasitology Research 120, 773–783.

Junquera P et al. 2010. Pyriprole, a new topical ectoparasiticide for the control of fleas and ticks on dogs. Advances in Medicine and Biology, 01/2010; 4.

Junquera P et al. 2019. Benzoylphenyl ureas as veterinary antiparasitics. An overview and outlook with emphasis on efficacy, usage and resistance. Parasite 2019; 26: 26. 

Kaaya GP et al. 2012. Control of tick populations by spraying Metarhizium anisopliae conidia on cattle under field conditions. Experimental and Applied Acarology 55, 273-281.

Kaminsky R et al. 2008. A new class of anthelmintics effective against drug-resistant nematodes. Nature 452, 176-181.

Kaplan RM. 2004. Drug resistance in nematodes of veterinary importance: a status report. Trends in parasitology 20, 477-481.

Kaufmann PE et al. 2006. Monitoring susceptibility of house flies (Musca domestica L.) in the United States to imidacloprid. Journal or Agricutural and Urban Entomology, 23, 195-200.

Kaufmann PE et al. 2010.Selection for resistance to imidacloprid in the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 103, 1937-1942

Keiding J. 1999. Review of the global status and recent development of insecticide resistance in field populations of the house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 89, Suppl. 1, 7-67.

Keiser J et al. 2009. Anthelmintic activity of artesunate against Fasciola hepatica in naturally infected sheep. Research in Veterinary Science 88, 107-110.

Kirkwood AC. 1986. History, Biology and Control of sheep scab. Parasitology Today 2, 302-307.

Kirts HA. 2010. The spinosyn family of insecticides: realizing the potential of natural products research. The Journal of Antibiotics 63, 101–111.

Kiss T et al. 2012. Tick prevention at a crossroad: New and renewed solutions. Veterinary Parasitology 187, 357-366.

Kondo Y et al. 2014. Evaluation of the efficacy of afoxolaner against Haemaphysalis longicornis on dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 229–231.

Kotze AC et al. 2014. Relative potency of macrocyclic lactones in in vitro assays with larvae of susceptible and drug-resistant Australian isolates of Haemonchus contortus and H. placei. Veterinary Parasitology 203, 294–302.

Krafsur ES. 1987. Screwworm eradication in North and Central America. Parasitology Today 3, 131-137.

Krafsur ES. 1998. Sterile insect technology for suppressing and eradicating insect populations: 55 years and counting. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 15, 303-317.

Krčmar S et al. 2010. Comparison of sampling tabanids (Diptera: Tabanidae) by four different potential attractants. Journal of Applied Entomology 134, 608-613.

Kristensen M, Jespersen JB. 2008. Susceptibility to thiamethoxam of Musca domestica from Danish livestock farms. Pest Management Science, 64, 126-132.

Kumar P et al. 2011. Repellent, larvicidal and pupicidal properties of essential oils and their formulations against the housefly, Musca domestica. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 25, 302-310.

Künast C et al. 1986. Das Stallfliegenproblem: Wege zur integrierten Bekämpfungsverfahren. Tierärztliche Umschau 41, 869-871.

Kunkle BN et al. 2014a. Assessment of the onset of action of afoxolaner against existing adult flea (Ctenocephalides felis) infestations on dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 204–206.

Kunkle BN et al. 2014b. Assessment of the efficacy of orally administered afoxolaner against Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 226–228.

Kunz SE. 1984. Economics of controlling horn flies (Diptera: Muscidae) in range cattle management. Journal of Economic Entomology 77, 657-660.

Kunz SE. 1987. Integrated pest management of dipteran pests in the New World. International Journal for Parasitology 17, 659-664.

Kunz SE. 1994. Strategies and tactics for prevention and management of horn fly resistance. Agri-Practice 15, 24-28.

Kvaternick et al. 2014. Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of eprinomectin in cats when administered in a novel topical combination of fipronil, (S)-methoprene, eprinomectin and praziquantel. Veterinary Parasitology 202, 2–9.

Lachance S & Grange G. 2014. Repellent effectiveness of seven plant essential oils, sunflower oil and natural insecticides against horn flies on pastured dairy cows and heifers. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 28, 192-200.

Laffont CM. et al. 2001. Licking behaviour and environmental contamination arising from pour-on ivermectin for cattle. International Journal for Parasitology 31, 1687-1692.

Landau SY et al. 2009. Neem-tree (Azadirachta indica Juss.) extract as a feed additive against the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) in sheep (Ovis aries). Veterinary Parasitology 165, 311-317.

Letendre L et al. 2014. The intravenous and oral pharmacokinetics of afoxolaner used as a monthly chewable antiparasitic for dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 190–197.

Leathwick DM et al. 2012. Managing anthelmintic resistance – Use of a combination anthelmintic and leaving some lambs untreated to slow the development of resistance to ivermectin. Veterinary Parasitology 187, 285-294.

Leathwick DM et al. 2015. Evidence for reversion towards anthelmintic susceptibility in Teladorsagia circumcincta in response to resistance management programmes. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 5, 9-15.

Leathwick DM & Miller CM. 2013. Efficacy of oral, injectable and pour-on formulations of moxidectin against gastrointestinal nematodes in cattle in New Zealand. Veterinary Parasitology 191, 293-300.

Leathwick DM. 2013. Managing anthelmintic resistance–parasite fitness, drug use strategy and the potential for reversion towards susceptibility. Veterinary Parasitology 198, 154-153.

Leathwick DM & Besier RB. 2014. The management of anthelmintic resistance in grazing ruminants in Australasia—Strategies and experiences. Veterinary Parasitology 204, 44-54.

Legniel V et al. 2010. Alternation of anthelmintic treatments: A molecular evaluation for benzimidazole resistance in nematodes. Veterinary Parasitology 172, 80-88.

Lehnert MP et al. 2011. Control of Cimex lectularius using heat combined with dichlorvos resin strips. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 25, 60-64.

Lesna I et al. 2012. Laboratory tests for controlling poultry red mites (Dermanyssus gallinae) with predatory mites in small ‘laying hen’ cages. Experimental and Applied Acarology 58, 371-383.

Levot GW. 1995. Resistance and the control of sheep ectoparasites. International Journal for Parasitology 25, 1355-1362.

Levot GW. 2000. Resistance and the control of lice on humans and production animals. International Journal for Parasitology 30, 291-297.

Levot GW. 2012. Unstable pyrethroid resistance in sheep body lice Bovicola ovis (Schrank), (Phthiraptera: Trichodectidae) and its implications for lice control on sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 185, 274-278.

Levot GW. 2012. Cyromazine resistance detected in Australian sheep blowfly. Australian Veterinary Journal 90, 433–437.

Levot GW. 2013. Response to laboratory selection with cyromazine and susceptibility to alternative insecticides in sheep blowfly larvae from the New South Wales Monaro. Australian Veterinary Journal 91, 61–64.

Levot et al. 2014. Survival advantage of cyromazine-resistant sheep blowfly larvae on dicyclanil- and cyromazine-treated Merinos. Australian Veterinary Journal 92, 421–426.

Lewis CJ. 1997. Treatment, prevention and control of ectoparasite diseases of sheep. Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England 158, 40-53.

Liebisch A & Petrich J. 1977. Zur gegenwärtigen Verbreitung und Bekämpfung der Rinderräude in Norddeutschland. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift 84, 424-427.

Liebisch A. 1982. Ektoparasiten in der Rinderpraxis - ein Beitrag zum aktuellen Stand der Verbreitung und Bekämpfung. Berliner und Münchner Tierärztliche Wochenschrift 95, 382-386.

Liebisch A. 1983. Parasitenbekämpfung in der Rinderpraxis. 1. Fliegenbekämpfung bei Weiderindern. Die Milchpraxis 2/83.

Liebisch A. 1988. Untersuchungen zur Biologie und zur Bekämpfung von Fliegen und Bremsen (Diptera: Muscidae, Tabanidae) bei Rindern und Pferden auf der Weide. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 6, 200-206.

Liebisch A. 1992. Weidefliegen beim Rind und ihre Bekämpfung im Aufgiessverfahren mit Bayofly Pour on (Cyfluthrin). Der praktische Tierarzt 6/92, 549-555.

Lifschitz A et al. 2009. Combined use of ivermectin and triclabendazole in sheep: In vitro and in vivo characterisation of their pharmacological interaction. The Veterinary Journal 182, 261-268.

Lifschitz A et al. 2014. Accumulation of monepantel and its sulphone derivative in tissues of nematode location in sheep: Pharmacokinetic support to its excellent nematodicidal activity. Veterinary Parasitology 203, 120–126.

Lifschitz A et al. 2016. Eprinomectin accumulation in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus: Pharmacokinetic and efficacy assessment. Veterinary Parasitology 215, 11-16.

Lindqvist A et al. 2001. The Dynamics, Prevalence and Impact of Nematode Infections in Organically Raised Sheep in Sweden. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavia 42, 377-389.

Littel SE et al. 2018. Ticks from cats in the United States: Patterns of infestation and infection with pathogens. Veterinary Parasitology 257, 15-20.

Lloberas M et al. 2012. Measurement of ivermectin concentrations in target worms and host gastrointestinal tissues: Influence of the route of administration on the activity against resistant Haemonchus contortus in lambs. Experimental Parasitology 131, 304-309.

Londershausen M et al. 1996. Activity of novel juvenoids on arthropods of veterinary importance. Archives of insect Biochemistry and Physiology 32, 651-658.

Lonneux JF & Losson B. 1996. Epidémiologie des gales bovines. Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire 140, 317-327.

Lonneux JF et al. 1991. Données récentes sur l'hypodermose bovine. Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire 135, 7-14.

Lonneux JF et al. 1997. Efficacy of pour-on and injectable formulations of moxidectin and ivermectin in cattle naturally infested with Psoroptes ovis: parasitological, clinical and serological data. Veterinary Parasitology 69, 319-330.

Loomis EC. 1986. Insecticides and acaricides for cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 2, 323-328.

Lopes AJ et al. 2012. Parasitism by Ixodiphagus wasps (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Amblyomma ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in three regions of Brazil. Journal of Economic Entomology 105, 1979-1981. 

Lopes WD et al. 2013. Persistent efficacy of 3.5% doramectin compared to 3.15% ivermectin against gastrointestinal nematodes in experimentally-infected cattle in Brazil. Research in Veterinary Science 94, 290-294.

López CM et al. 2010. Efficacy of anthelminthic control programs against natural Muellerius capillaris infection in sheep in the north-west of Spain. Effect on blood gases and pH in venous blood samples. Parasite 17, 167-171.

Losson B. 1996. Traitement insecticides et acaricides: progrès récents et mise au point sur la problématique des résistances. Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire 141, 71-75.

Losson BJ et al. 1998. Field efficacy of injectable doramectin against Chorioptes bovis in naturally infected cattle. The Veterinary Record 142, 18-19.

Losson BJ et al. 1999. The pathology of Psoroptes ovis infestation in cattle with a special emphasis on breed difference. Veterinary Parasitology 83, 219-229.

Lucas PG & Horton BJ. 2014. Guidelines for treatment of lice in sheep with long wool based on a model of the development of wool damage. Australian Veterinary Journal 92, 8–14.

Lyndal-Murphy M et al. 2010. Reduced efficacy of macrocyclic lactone treatments in controlling gastrointestinal nematode infections of weaner dairy calves in subtropical eastern Australia. Veterinary Parasitology 168, 146-150.

Lyness EW et al. 1994. Microbial Ecology of sheep fleece. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 49, 103-112.

Macrelli M et al. 2019. First detection of ivermectin resistance in Oesophagostomum dentatum in pigs. Veterinary Parasitology 270, 1-6.

Maciel WG et al. 2015. Ten years later: Evaluation of the effectiveness of 12.5% amitraz against a field population of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus using field studies, artificial infestation (Stall tests) and adult immersion tests. Veterinary Parasitology 214, 233-241.

Maciel WG et al. 2016.  Susceptibility of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus to fluazuron (2.5 mg/kg) and a combination of novaluron (2.0 mg/kg) + eprinomectin (0.36 mg/kg) in field studies in Brazil. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 135, 74-86.

Mangold AJ et al. 1994. Seasonal variation of ticks (Ixodidae) in Bos taurus x Bos indicus cattle under rotational grazing in forested and deforested habitats in northwestern Argentina. Veterinary Parasitology 54, 389-295.

Marchand A. 1984. Les incidences économiques des principales parasitoses des bovins. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 135, 299-302.

Marcondes Klafke G et al. 2010. Selection of an ivermectin-resistant strain of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 168, 97-104.

Marie Magdeleine C et al. 2010. In vitro effects of Tabernaemontana citrifolia extracts on Haemonchus contortus. Veterinary Parasitology 89, 88-92.

Marie Magdeleine C et al. 2010. In vitro effects of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) leaf extracts on four development stages of Haemonchus contortus. Veterinary Parasitology 173, 85-92.

Maroto R et al. 2011. First report of anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep from Costa Rica. Veterinary Medicine International. Article ID 145312.

Martin SC & Mullens BA. 2012. Housing and dustbathing effects on northern fowl mites (Ornithonyssus sylviarum) and chicken body lice (Menacanthus stramineus) on hens. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26, 323-333.

Martínez Valladares M et al. 2010. Efficacy of a moxidectin/triclabendazole oral formulation against mixed infections of Fasciola hepatica and gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 174, 166-169.

Martínez Valladares M et al. 2013. The present status of anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematode infections of sheep in the northwest of Spain by in vivo and in vitro techniques. Veterinary Parasitology 191, 177-181.

Martínez Valladares M et al. 2013. Efficacy of moxidectin long-acting injectable formulation (1 mg/kg bodyweight) against first instar larvae of Oestrus ovis in naturally infected sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 193, 320-324.

Martins JR & Furlong J. 2001. Avermectin resistance of the cattle tick Boophilus microplus in Brazil. The Veterinary Record 149, 64.

Masika PJ et al. 1997. Tick control by small-scale cattle farmers in the central and Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 68, 45-48.

Mathes W et al. 1998. Ökonomische Aspekte des subklinischen Parasitenbefalls bei Mastschweinen. Der praktische Tierarzt 79, 1067-1071.

Matthews, JB. 2014. Anthelmintic resistance in equine nematodes. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 4, 310-315.

Maurer V et al. 2009. In vitro efficacies of oils, silicas and plant preparations against the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae. Experimental and Applied Acarology 48, 31-41.

McArthur MJ & Reinemeyer CR. 2014. Herding the U.S. cattle industry toward a paradigm shift in parasite control. Veterinary Parasitology 204, 34-43.

McConville M et al. 2009. An evaluation of the efficacy of compound alpha and triclabendazole against two isolates of Fasciola hepatica. Veterinary Parasitology, 162, 75-88.

McCraw BM & Slocombe JO. 1976. Strongylus vulgaris in the horse: a review. Canadian Veterinary Journal 150–157.

McCraw BM & Menzis PI. 1986. Treatment of Goats Infected with the Lungworm Muellerius capillaris. Canadian Veterinary Journal 287–290.

McKenzie CL & Byford RL. 1993. Continuous, alternating, and mixed insecticides affect development of resistance in the horn fly (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 86, 1040-1048.

McKenzie JA & Anderson N. 1990. Insecticidal control of Lucilia cuprina: strategic timing of treatment. Australian Veterinary Journal 67, 385-386.

McKenzie JA. 1987. Insecticide resistance in the Australian sheep blowfly - messages for pesticide usage. Chemistry and Industry, 20.04.87, 266-269.

McLeod RS. 1995. Costs of major parasites to the Australian livestock industries. International Journal for Parasitology 25, 1363-1367.

Mederos A et al. 2010. Prevalence and distribution of gastrointestinal nematodes on 32 organic and conventional commercial sheep farms in Ontario and Quebec, Canada (2006–2008). Veterinary Parasitology, 170, 244-252.

Melançon JJ. 1998. Sarcoptic mange in swine: current prevalence. Compendium on Continuous Education for the Practising Veterinarian 20 Supplement, 87-95.

Memmi BK. 2010. Mortality and knockdown effects of imidacloprid and methomyl in house fly (Musca domestica L., Diptera: Muscidae) populations. Journal of Vector Ecology, 35, 144-148.

Mihok S & Mulyer H. 2010. Responses of tabanids to Nzi traps baited with octenol, cow urine and phenols in Canada. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 24, 266–272.

Miller RJ et al. 2013. First report of fipronil resistance in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus of Mexico. Veterinary Parasitology 191, 97-101.

Mitchell EB et al. 2014a. Efficacy of afoxolaner against Dermacentor variabilis ticks in dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 220–222.

Mitchell EB et al. 2014b. Efficacy of afoxolaner against Ixodes scapularis ticks in dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 223–225.

Molento MB et al. 2006. Suppressive treatment of abamectin against Dictyocaulus viviparus and the occurrence of resistance in first-grazing-season calves. Veterinary Parasitology 141, 373-376.

Molento MB et al. 2012. Resistance to avermectin/milbemycin anthelmintics in equine cyathostomins – Current situation. Veterinary Parasirology 185, 16-24.

Molina R et al. 2012. Efficacy of 65% permethrin applied to dogs as a spot-on against Phlebotomus perniciosus. Veterinary Parasitology 187, 529-533.

Moog F et al. 2020. Evaluation of a plant-based food supplement to control flea populations in dogs: A prospective double-blind randomized study. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 12, 35-38.

Moon RD et al. 1987. Stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) and productivity of confined nursery pigs. Journal of Economic Entomology 80, 1025-1027.

Mooney L et al. 2009. The comparative efficacy of four anthelmintics against a natural acquired Fasciola hepatica infection in hill sheep flock in the west of Ireland. Veterinary Parasitology 164, 201-205.

Morgan ER et al. 2012. A survey of helminth control practices on sheep farms in Great Britain and Ireland. Veterinary Journal 192, 390-397.

Morgan PB et al. 1988. Manure management as a means of controlling filth flies at agricultural installations. Florida Entomologist 71, 44-49.

Muchiut SM et al. 2019. Recovery of fenbendazole efficacy on resistant Haemonchus contortus by management of parasite refugia and population replacement. Veterinary Parasitology 271, 31-37.

Müller GC et al., 2011. Understanding attraction stimuli of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, in non-chemical control methods. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 25, 413-420.

Murigu MM et al. 2016. Laboratory and field evaluation of entomopathogenic fungi for the control of amitraz-resistant and susceptible strains of Rhipicephalus decoloratus. Veterinary Parasitology 225, 12-18.

Murillo AC & Mullens BA. 2016. Timing Diatomaceous Earth-Filled Dustbox Use for Management of Northern Fowl Mites (Acari: Macronyssidae) in Cage-Free Poultry Systems. Journal of Economic Entomology, 2572-2579.

Murillo AC & Mullens BA. 2017. A review of the biology, ecology, and control of the northern fowl mite, Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Acari: Macronyssidae). Veterinary Parasitology 246, 30-37.

Murri S et al. 2014. Frequency of eprinomectin resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of goats in canton Berne, Switzerland. Veterinary Parasitology  203, 114–119.

Mwangi E.N. et al. 1997. The impact of Ixodiphagus hookeri, a tick parasitoid, on Amblyomma variegatum (Acari: Ixodidae) in a field trial in Kenya. Experimental and Applied Acarology 21, 117-126.

Nari A. 1995. Strategies for the control of one-host ticks and relationship with tick-borne diseases in South America. Veterinary Parasitology 57, 153-165.

Nava S & Guglielmone AA. 2009. Difficulties to control natural infestation with Otobius megnini (Acari: Argasidae) nymphs in cattle with systemic biocides. Research in Veterinary Science 87, 258-259

Niven DR & Pritchard DA. 1985. Effects of control of the sheep body louse (Damalinia ovis) on wool production and quality. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 25, 27-31.

Nixon SA et al. 2020. Where are all the anthelmintics? Challenges and opportunities on the path to new anthelmintics. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 14, 8-16.

Nolan J. 1985. Mechanisms of resistance to chemicals in arthropod parasites of veterinary importance. Veterinary Parasitology 18, 155-166.

Nolan J. 1987. New approaches in the development and management of drugs used in ectoparasite control. Veterinary Parasitology 25, 135-145.

Nolan M. 1996. Fly control for poultry. Poultry digest 55, 15-16.

Novobilský A & Höglund J. 2015. First report of closantel treatment failure against Fasciola hepatica in cattle. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 5, 172-177.

O'Brien DJ et al. 1994. Survival and retention of infectivity of the mite Psoroptes ovis off the host. Veterinary Research Communications 18, 27-36.

O'Brien DJ. 1996. Sheep scab: whither now? (Psoroptic mange). Veterinary Practice 28, 12-13.

Olaechea F et al. 2011. Resistance of Fasciola hepatica against triclabendazole in cattle in Patagonia (Argentina). Veterinary Parasitology, 178, 364-366.

Oliveira MCS et al. 2009. Gastrointestinal nematode infection in beef cattle of different genetic groups in Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology, 166, 249-254.

Oliveira PC de et al. 2019. Efficacy of sarolaner on the treatment of myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 276, 108966.

Onmaz AC et al. 2013. Vectors and vector-borne diseases of horses. Veterinary Research Communications 37, 65-81.

Ortiz P et al. 2013. Resistance of Fasciola hepatica against triclabendazole in cattle in Cajamarca (Peru): A clinical trial and an in vivo efficacy test in sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 195, 118-121.

Oyarzún MP et al. 2008. Insecticide resistance in the horn fly: alternative control strategies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22, 188-202.

Papadopoulus E et al. 2004. Treatment of small lungworm infestation in sheep by using moxidectin. Veterinary Parasitology 121, 329-336.

Paraud C et al. 2016. Cross-resistance to moxidectin and ivermectin on a meat sheep farm in France. Veterinary Parasitology 226, 88-92.

Pegram PG et al. 1991. The economic impact of cattle tick control in Central Africa. Insect Science and its Applications 12, 139-146.

Pegram PG et al. 1996. Eradicating the tropical bont tick from the Caribbean. World Animal Review 87, 56-65.

Peregrini AS et al. 2014. Anthelmintic resistance in important parasites of horses: Does it really matter? Veterinary Parasitology 201, 1–8.

Pereira JR. 2009. The efficiency of avermectins (abamectin, doramectin and ivermectin) in the control of Boophilus microplus, in artificially infested bovines kept in field conditions. Veterinary Parasitology 162, 116-119.

Pérez-Cogollo LC et al. 2010. First report of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus resistant to ivermectin in Mexico. Veterinary Parasitology 168, 165-169.

Pérez-Cogollo LC et al. 2010. Survey of Rhipicephalus microplus resistance to ivermectin at cattle farms with history of macrocyclic lactones use in Yucatan, Mexico. Veterinary Parasitology 172, 109-113.

Petermann J et al. 2016. Survey of cattle tick, Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, resistance to amitraz and deltamethrin in New Caledonia. Veterinary Parasitology 217, 64-70.

Pinnock DE. 1994. The use of Bacillus thuringiensis for control of pests of livestock. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 49, 59-63.

Pinto da Cunha A et al. 2010. Effects of urea on the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology 174,300-304.

Pipano E. 1995. Live vaccines against hemoparasitic diseases in livestock. Veterinary Parasitology 57, 213-231.

Playford MC et al. 2014. Prevalence and severity of anthelmintic resistance in ovine gastrointestinal nematodes in Australia (2009–2012). Australian Veterinary Journal  92, 464–471.

Pohla PC et al. 2011. ABC transporter efflux pumps: A defense mechanism against ivermectin in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. International Journal for Parasitology 41, 1323–1333.

Pouplard L et al. 1990. Les gales bovines. Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire 134, 531-539.

Pruett JH. 2002. Immunological intervention for the control of ectoparasites of livestock. A review. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 16, 1-10.

Prullage JB et al. 2011. Synergy between fipronil and amitraz in a Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick residual contact test. Experimental and Applied Acarology 54, 173-176.

Prullage JB et al. 2011. The prevention of attachment and the detachment effects of a novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene for Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Dermacentor variabilis on dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 179, 311-317.

Pullasky CN et al. 2014. Establishment of macrocyclic lactone resistant Dirofilaria immitis isolates in experimentally infected laboratory dogs. Parasites & Vectors 7, 494.

Putz B. 2001. Answers on controlling flies. Pig International, 31(6),23-26.

Ramage C et al. 2012. The efficacy of monepantel against naturally acquired inhibited and developing fourth-stage larvae of Teladorsagia circumcincta in sheep in the United Kingdom. Veterinary Parasitology 186, 528-531.

Ramos F et al. 2016. Anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of beef cattle in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 6, 93-101.

Ranjan et al. 2010. Evaluation of the persistent activity of moxidectin (10%) long-acting (LA) injectable formulation against Dictyocaulus viviparus, Haemonchus placei, Trichostrongylus axei and Oesophagostomum radiatum infections in cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 167, 50-54.

Rechav Y et al. 1991. Acquisition of immunity in cattle against the blue tick, Boophilus decoloratus. Experimental and Applied Acarology 11, 51-56.

Reck J et al. 2014. First report of fluazuron resistance in Rhipicephalus microplus: a field tick population resistant to six classes of acaricides. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 128-136.

Reck J et al. 2014. Does Rhipicephalus microplus tick infestation increase the risk for myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax in cattle? Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 113, 59-62.

Regnault-Roger C et al. 2012. Essential Oils in Insect Control: Low-Risk Products in a High-Stakes World. Annual Review of Entomology 57, 405-424.

Rehbein S et al. 2013. Prevalence, intensity and seasonality of gastrointestinal parasites in abattoir horses in Germany. Parasitology Research 112, 407-413.

Rehbein S et al. 2014. Efficacy against nematode and cestode infections and safety of a novel topical fipronil, (S)-methoprene, eprinomectin and praziquantel combination product in domestic cats under field conditions in Europe. Veterinary Parasitology 202, 10–17.

Reinemeyer CR. 2009. Diagnosis and control of anthelmintic-resistant Parascaris equorum. Parasites & Vectors 2009; 2(Suppl 2): S8.

Reinemeyer CR. 2012. Anthelmintic resistance in non-strongylid parasites of horses. Veterinary Parasitology 185, 9-15.

Reinemeyer CR & Nielsen MK. 2014. Review of the biology and control of Oxyuris equi. Equine Veterinary Education 26, 584-591.

Relf V et al. 2014. Anthelmintic efficacy on UK Thoroughbred stud farms. International Journal for Parasitology 44, 507–514.

Rendell DK. 2010. Anthelmintic resistance in cattle nematodes on 13 south-west Victorian properties. Australian Veterinary Journal 88, 504–509.

Renn N. 1998. The efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes for controlling housefly infestations on intensive pig units. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 12, 46-51.

Reynaud MD et al. 1997. Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) : experimental life cycle and test of the acaricidal action of moxidectin and ivermectin. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, 148, 433-438

Ribeiro JMC. 1995. How ticks make a living. Parasitology Today 11, 91-93.

Riddles PW & Nolan J. 1987. Prospects for the management of arthropod resistance to pesticides. International Journal for Parasitology 17, 679-687.

Rinaldi L et al. 2014. The maintenance of anthelmintic efficacy in sheep in a Mediterranean climate. Veterinary Parasitology 203, 139–143.

Rodríguez-Valle M et al. 2012. Efficacy of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Bm86 against Hyalomma dromedarii and Amblyomma cajennense tick infestations in camels and cattle. Vaccine 30, 3453-3458.

Rodríguez-Vivas RI et al. 2014. Acaricide and ivermectin resistance in a field population of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) collected from red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the Mexican tropics. Veterinary Parasitology 200, 179–188.

Rodríguez-Vivas RI et al. 2016. First report of amitraz and cypermethrin resistance in Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato infesting dogs in Mexico. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, doi:10.1111/mve.12207.

Rodríguez-Vivas RI et al. 2017. First documentation of ivermectin resistance in Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology 233, 9-13.

Rodríguez-Vivas RI et al. 2017. Rhipicephalus microplus ticks in a world of conventional acaricide and macrocyclic lactone resistance. Parasitology Research 117, 3-29.

Rosado-Aguilar JA et al. 2010. Acaricidal activity of extracts from Petiveria alliacea (Phytolaccaceae) against the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology 168, 299-303.

Rosado-Aguilar JA et al. 2017. Plant products and secondary metabolites with acaricide activity against ticks. Veterinary Parasitology 238, 66-76.

Rose H and Wall R. 2012. Endemic sheep scab: Risk factors and the behaviour of upland sheep flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 104, 101-106.

Roush RT. 1989. Designing resistance management programs: how can you choose? Pesticide Science 26, 423-441.

Roush RT. 1993. Occurrence, genetics and management of insecticide resistance. Parasitology Today 9, 174-179.

Ruff MD. 1999. Important parasites in poultry production systems. Veterinary Parasitology 84, 337-347.

Ruiz Martínez I et al. 1992. Epidemiología de las Wohlfartiosis en ovinos y caprinos. Investigaciones Agrarias: Producción y Sanidad Animal 8, 299-310.

Rutz DA et al. 1988. Evaluation of fly-electrocuting black light devices in caged-layer poultry facilities. Poultry Science 67, 871-877.

Sager H et al. 2009. Efficacy of the amino-acetonitrile derivative, monepantel, against experimental and natural adult stage gastro-intestinal nematode infections in sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 159, 49-54.

Sager H et al. 2010. Quarantine treatment of sheep with monepantel — Rapidity of fecal egg count reduction. Veterinary Parasitology 170, 336-339.

Sakamoto CAM et al. 2013. Anthelmintic efficacy of an oral formulation of Aurixazol against gastrointestinal nematodes of naturally and experimentally infected sheep. Veterinary Parasitology 198, 336-344.

Sakamoto CAM et al. 2014. Evaluation of clinical safety and anthelmintic efficacy of aurixazole administed orally at 24 mg/kg in cattle. Research in Veterinary Science 96, 493–500.

Sales N et al. 2020. Dicyclanil resistance in the Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, substantially reduces flystrike protection by dicyclanil and cyromazine based products. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance 14, 118-125.

Sallovitz JM et al. 2011. Comparative in vitro characterization of moxidectin and doramectin percutaneous absorption through bovine skin. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 35, 184-192

Samish M et al. 1999. Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematode strains against engorged Boophilus annulatus females (Acari: Ixodidae) under simulated field conditions. Journal of Medical Entomology 36, 727-732.

Sanabria R et al. 2013. Identification of a field isolate of Fasciola hepatica resistant to albendazole and susceptible to triclabendazole. Veterinary Parasitology 193, 105-110.

Sanchís J et al. 2013. Infection by Paramphistomidae trematodes in cattle from two agricultural regions in NW Uruguay and NW Spain. Veterinary Parasitology 191, 165-171.

Sandeman RM. 1990. Prospects for the control of sheep blowfly strike by vaccination. International Journal for Parasitology 20, 537-541.

Santurio JM et al. 2011. A suitable model for the utilization of Duddingtonia flagrans fungus in small-flock-size sheep farms. Experimental Parasitology 127, 727-731.

Schraven AL et al. 2021. A systematic review of moxidectin as a treatment for parasitic infections in mammalian species. Parasitology Research 120, 1167–1181.

Scott JG et al. 2000. Insecticide resistance in house flies from caged-layer poultry facilities. Pest Management Science 56, 147-153.

Scott L et al. 2013. Lack of efficacy of monepantel against Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Veterinary Parasitology 198, 166-171.

Seddon HR. 1964. Eradication of sheep scab from New South Wales. Australian Veterinary Journal 40, 418-421.

Seraydar KR & Kaufman PE. 2015. Does behaviour play a role in house fly resistance to imidacloprid-containing baits? Medical and Veterinary Entomology 29, 670-67.

stance in the housefly, Musca domestica, is due to a recessive factor on autosome 1. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 75, 1-7.

Shoop WL et al. 2014. Discovery and mode of action of afoxolaner, a new isoxazoline parasiticide for dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 179–189.

Showler AT et al. 2020. Lethal Effects of a Silica Gel + Pyrethrins (Drione) on Amblyomma americanum (Ixodida: Ixodidae) Larvae and Nymphs. Journal of Medical Entomology 57, 1864–1871.

Shyma KP et al. 2012. Acaricide resistance status in Indian isolates of Hyalomma anatolicum. Experimental and Applied Acarology 58, 471-481.

Signorini A. 1995. La lucha contra la garrapata Boophilus microplus en la Argentina. Revista argentina de producción animal 15 (Sup. 1) 207-212.

Sigognault FA et al. 2017. Poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) infestation: a broad impact parasitological disease that still remains a significant challenge for the egg-laying industry in Europe. Parasites & Vectors10:357.

Singh NK et al. 2015. First report of ivermectin resistance in field populations of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Punjab districts of India. Veterinary Parasitology 214, 179–189.

Six RH et al. 2016. Efficacy of sarolaner, a novel oral isoxazoline, against two common mite infestations in dogs: Demodex spp. and Otodectes cynotis. Veterinary Parasitology 222, 62–66.

Skovmand O & Mourier H. 1986. Electrocuting light traps evaluated for the control of house flies. Journal of Applied Entomology 102, 446-455.

Skrebsky Ceza A et al. 2010. Multiple resistance of gastrointestinal nematodes to nine different drugs in a sheep flock in southern Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 173, 157-16.

Skripsky T & Hoffmann S. 2010. Assessment of risk of monepantel faecal residues to dung fauna. Australian Veterinary Journal 88, 490–496.

Smith KE et al. 2000. The use of entomopathogenic fungi for the control of parasitic mites, Psoroptes spp. Veterinary Parasitology 92, 97-105.

Smith LA et al. 2009. The effect of grazing management on livestock exposure to parasites via the faecal–oral route. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 91, 95-106.

Smith LL. 2014. Combination anthelmintics effectively control ML-resistant parasites; a real-world case history. Veterinary Parasitology 204, 12–17.

Smyth KA et al. 1998. Propetamphos resistance in the Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Australian Journal of Entomology 37, 57-59.

Snyder DE et al. 2009. Preliminary study on the acaricidal efficacy of spinosad administered orally to dogs infested with the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology 166, 131-135.

Snyder DE & Wisemann S. 2012. Dose confirmation and non-interference evaluations of the oral efficacy of a combination of milbemycin oxime and spinosad against the dose limiting parasites, adult cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) and hookworm (Ancylostoma caninum), in dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 184, 284–290.

Soli F et al. 2010. Efficacy of copper oxide wire particles against gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep and goats. Veterinary Parasitology 168, 93-96.

Souza Freitas E et al. 2011. Monitoring of resistance or susceptibility of adults and larvae of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) to synthetic acaricides in Goiás, Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology 53, 189-202.

Sparagano et al. 2009. Prevalence and key figures for the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae infections in poultry farm systems. Experimental and Applied Acarology 48, 3-10.

Sparagano et al. 2014. Significance and control of the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Annual Review of Entomology, 59, 447-66.

Späth EJA et al. 1994. Estimación de las pérdidas económicas directas producidas por la garrapata Boophilus microplus y las enfermedades asociadas en la Argentina. 1a, 2a, 3a y 4a partes.Therios 23, 341-539.

Spickett AM. 1994. Tick ecology. International Journal for Parasitology 24, 845-849.

Spradberry JP et al. 1991. The efficacy of insecticides against the screw-worm fly (Chrysomya bezziana). Australian Veterinary Journal 68, 338-342.

Stanneck D et al. 2012. Evaluation of the long-term efficacy and safety of an imidacloprid 10% / flumethrin 4.5% polymer matrix collar (Seresto(R) in dogs and cats naturally infested with fleas and/or ticks in multicentre clinical field studies in Europe. Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5-66.

Steffan P et al. 2011. Eficacia de monepantel contra nematodes de ovinos con resistencia antihelmíntica múltiple en la región templada de Argentina. Veterinaria Argentina 28, no. 273.

Stein PA et al. 2012. Safety and efficacy against fourth-stage gastrointestinal nematode larvae, of monepantel in 6-week old lambs. Veterinary Parasitology 185, 339-342.

Stromberg BE et al. 2012. Cooperia punctata: Effect on cattle productivity? Veterinary Parasitology 183, 274-283.

Strong L & Wall R. 1990. The chemical control of livestock parasites: problems and alternatives. Parasitology Today 6, 291-296.

Strong L. 1993. Overview: the impact of avermectins on pastured ecology. Veterinary Parasitology 48, 3-17.

Strube C et al. 2013. Toxocara spp. infections in paratenic hosts. Veterinary Parasitology 193, 375-389.

Suárez G et al. 2011. Comparative drug systemic exposure and clinical efficacy against resistant nematodes in lambs treated with different albendazole formulations. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 34, 557-564.

Suárez G et al. 2014. Evaluation of pharmacological interactions after administration of a levamisole, albendazole and ivermectin triple combination in lambs. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 110-119.

Sutherst RW & Utech KBW. 1980. Controlling livestock parasites with host resistance. In CRC Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture, Vol. II, 385-407, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton.

Sutherst RW et al. 1982. Tropical legumes of the genus Stylosanthes immobilises and kill cattle ticks. Nature 295, 320-321.

Tarbiat B et al. 2016. The efficacy of flubendazole against different developmental stages of the poultry roundworm Ascaridia galli in laying hens. Veterinary Parasitology 218, 66-72.

Tariq KA et al. 2009. Anthelmintic activity of extracts of Artemisia absinthium against ovine nematodes. Veterinary Parasitology 160, 83-88.

Teixeira M et al. 2019. Strategic vaccination of hair sheep against Haemonchus contortus. Parasitology Research 118, 2383–2388.

Terrill TH et al. 2009. Efficacy of Sericea lespedeza hay as a natural dewormer in goats: Dose titration study. Veterinary Parasitology 163, 52-56.

Thapa S et al. 2015. Prevalence and magnitude of helminth infections in organic laying hens (Gallus gallus domesticus) across Europe. Veterinary Parasitology 214, 118-124.

Thullner F, Willadsen P. & Kemp D. 2007. Acaricide rotation strategy for managing resistance in the tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acarina: Ixodidae): Laboratory experiment with a field strain from Costa Rica. Journal of Medical Entomology 44, 817-821.

Tielemans E et al. 2014. Efficacy of a novel topical combination of fipronil, (S)-methoprene, eprinomectin, and praziquantel, against the ticks, Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes scapularis, on cats. Veterinary Parasitology 202, 59–63.

Titchener RN. 1985. The control of lice on domestic livestock. Veterinary Parasitology 18, 281-288.

Townsend L & Scharko P. 1999. Lice infestation in beef cattle. Compendium on Continuous Education for the Practising Veterinarian, 21 (Suppl.), 119-123.

Traversa D et al. 2009. Anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomin populations from horse yards in Italy, United Kingdom and Germany. Parasites & Vectors, 2, S2

Tubbs RC. 1987. Controlling mange mites and lice in swine. Veterinary Medicine 83, 554-558.

Ulrichs C et al. 2020. Management of the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae, using silica-based acaricides. Experimental and Applied Acarology 82, 243–254.

Valderrábano J et al. 2010. Effect of feeding bioactive forages on infection and subsequent development of Haemonchus contortus in lamb faeces. Veterinary Parasitology 172, 89-94

Vaney JA de. 1986. Ectoparasites. Poultry Science 65, 649-656.

Van Krimpen MM et al. 2010. Anthelmintic effects of phytogenic feed additives in Ascaris suum inoculated pigs. Veterinary Parasitology 168, 269-277.

Vanzini GL et al. 1997. Daños ocasionados por ectoparásitos en la industria del cuero. Therios 26, 84-88.

Vatta AF et al. 2009. The potential to control Haemonchus contortus in indigenous South African goats with copper oxide wire particles. Veterinary Parasitology 162, 306-313.

Vercruysse J et al. 2007. Control of parasitic disease using vaccines: an answer to drug resistance? Revue Scientifique et technique de l'Office International des Epizooties 26, 105-115.

Veríssimo CJ et al. 2012. Multidrug and multispecies resistance in sheep flocks from São Paulo state, Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 187, 209-216.

Veríssimo CJ et al. 2019. Cattle herd shearing can help to control Rhipicephalus microplus ticks. Experimental and Applied Acarology 79, 99–106.

Vilela VL et al. 2012. Biological control of goat gastrointestinal helminthiasis by Duddingtonia flagrans in a semi-arid region of the northeastern Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 188, 127-133.

Vilela VL et al. 2016. Coadministration of nematophagous fungi for biological control over gastrointestinal helminths in sheep in the semiarid region of northeastern Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 221, 139-143.

Villarroel A & Halliburton MK. 2013. Control of extensive chorioptic mange natural infection in lactating dairy cattle without milk withdrawal. The Veterinary Journal 197, 233-237.

Vo DT et al. 2010. Insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists as flea adulticides in small animals. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 33, 315–322.

Wall R & Bates P. 2010. Sheep scab control using trans-cinnamic acid. Veterinary Parasitology 175, 129-134.

Wall R & Beynon S. 2012. Area-wide impact of macrocyclic lactone parasiticides in cattle dung. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26, 1–8.

Waller PJ. 2006. From discovery to development: current industry perspectives for the development of novel methods of helminth control in livestock. Veterinary Parasitology 139, 1-14.

Wardhaugh KG & Ridsdill-Smith TJ. 1998. Antiparasitic drugs, the livestock industry and dung beetles - cause for concern? Australian Veterinary Journal 76, 259-261.

Walters M & Wall R. 2012. Evaluation of dicyclanil (CLiKZiN®) treatment for the early-season protection of ewes against blowfly strike. Veterinary Parasitology 188, 200-202.

Webster MC et al. 2011. Long-term efficacy of a deltamethrin-impregnated collar for the control of the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus, on dogs. Australian Veterinary Journal 89, 439–443.

White WH et al. 2017. Initial evaluations of the effectiveness of spinetoram as a long-acting, oral systemic pulicide for controlling cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) infestations on dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 233, 25-31.

Willadsen P. 1997. Novel vaccines for ectoparasites. Veterinary Parasitology 71, 209-222.

Willadsen P. 1999. Immunology of the tick-host interaction and the control of ticks and tick-borne diseases. Parasitology Today 15, 258-262.

Wilson GWC. 1986. Control of warble fly in Great Britain and the European Community. The Veterinary Record 188, 653-656.

Wilson ML. 1993. Avermectins in arthropod vector management - prospects and pitfalls. Parasitology Today 9, 83-87.

Wolf D et al. 2014. Oxyuris equi: Lack of efficacy in treatment with macrocyclic lactones. Veterinary Parasitology 201, 163–168.

Wolstenholme AJ et al. 2004. Drug resistance in veterinary helminths. Trends in Parasitology 20, 469-476.

Wooten-Saadi E et al. 1987. Growth performance and behavioral patterns of pigs infested with sarcoptic mites (Acari: Sarcoptidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 80, 625-628.

Wright AJ et al. 1987. Control of headfly on sheep. The Veterinary Record 120, 612-614.

Yilma JM & Dorchies P. 1991. Epidemiology of Oestrus ovis on Southwest France. Veterinary Parasitology 40, 315-323.

Zanetti Lopes WD et al. 2009. Anthelmintic efficacy of oral trichlorfon solution against ivermectin resistant nematode strains in cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 166, 98-102.

Zanetti Lopes WD et al. 2014. Efficacy of fipronil (1.0 mg/kg) against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus strains resistant to ivermectin (0.63 mg/kg). Preventive Veterinary Medicine 115, 88–93.

Zeman P & Zelezny J. 1985. The susceptibility of the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) to some acaricides under laboratory conditions. Experimental and Applied Acarology 1, 17-22.  

Zeman P. 1987. Systemic efficacy of ivermectin against Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) in fowls. Veterinary Parasitology 23, 141-146.

Zhu JJ et al. 2009. Nepetalactones from essential oil of Nepeta cataria represent a stable fly feeding and oviposition repellent. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, in press.

Zhu JJ et al. 2011. Efficacy and safety of catnip (Nepeta cataria) as a novel filth fly repellent. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 3, 209-216.

Zimmerman RH et al. 1984. Potential of Stylosanthes plants as a component in an integrated pest management approach to tick control. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 2, 579-588.