Brand: TAKTIC ® WP Cattle DIP & SPRAY
FORMULATION: powder concentrate for dipping and spraying animals
ACTIVE INGREDIENT(S): Amitraz: 50% = 500 g/L
CHEMICAL CLASS of the active ingredient(s): Amidines
INDICATIONS: CATTLE (Beef & Dairy), SHEEP, GOATS & DEER
PARASITES CONTROLLED (spectrum of activity)
- Cattle: Cattle Ticks (Rhipicephalus = Boophilus microplus), Paralysis Ticks (Ixodes holocyclus), Bush Ticks (Haemaphysalis longicornis)
- Sheep & Goats: Cattle Ticks
RECOMMENDED DOSE & USE INSTRUCTIONS
Initial charge, mixing and stabilising
Initial dose: 500 g product and 10 kg lime stabilizer in 1000 L water, equivalent to 250 mg/L = ppm (parts per million).
Initial charge, mixing and stabilising
- For each 1,000L of water in the dip or sump, empty 500g Taktic WP (one tin) into a bucket containing water and stir into a smooth creamy suspension. Pour into dip/sump, then rinse bucket adding rinsing to dip/sump. Do not retain opened Taktic WP or Taktic Stabiliser packs for later use. Use all the contents of each pack immediately after opening since Taktic WP and Taktic Stabiliser deteriorate in opened packs. Similarly, any unused, unstabilised dip wash should be discarded if not used within 24 hours. It should not be retained for later use unless stabilised fi rst.
- Stabilise by mixing the contents of one pack (10kg) of Taktic Stabiliser* per 1,000L of water in the dip or sump, taking care to distribute the stabiliser along the surface of the dip. *Hydrated (slaked) lime (80% purity) can be used for this purpose.
- For each 1,000L of water in the dip add one container (500g) of Taktic WP as an initial charge. Stabilisation (10kg Taktic stabilizer per 1,000L of dip wash) is always required. If the dip has not been used for 2 months, add a 10kg bag of lime for every 2,000L in the dip.
- When the level of the dip has fallen by 700L, top up by adding 700L of water and 500g Taktic WP plus 10kg Taktic Stabiliser. Mix as above. It is not advisable to allow the dip to fall by more than 700L from its original level.
- It is essential that the dip be stirred at the start of each day’s dipping, and again if more than half an hour between dipping. Use at least 30 head of cattle through the dip and return these to the main mob for re-dipping. If it is some time since the dip has been used, adjust the dip to make up for evaporation or flooding.
- Taktic WP can be used in spray races, however, Taktic EC is recommended as it mixes fully with water and does not settle quickly.
- Charge with 500g of Taktic WP per 1,000L, mixing as above. Stabilisation (10kg Taktic Stabiliser per 1,000L) is required when unused dip is to be retained for later use (more than 24 hours of initial charge).
- Each time the level of spray wash in the sump drops by more than 300L reinforce by adding 100g Taktic WP and continue spraying. Do NOT add water. Do NOT add Taktic Stabiliser. Continue spraying until no more wash can be pumped out. When the wash is polluted, clean out sump before charging.
- If the spray wash is not stabilised it is important that all spray wash remaining in the sump be pumped out before recharging if it has stood for more than 24 hours. Once the suspension has been added to the sump, stir thoroughly using the pump or manually with a paddle.
- Spray wash in the sump must be stirred thoroughly at the commencement of each spraying session and again if there is a break of more than half an hour during spraying.
Read the product label for further instructions.
- LD50 (acute oral) in rats: for the a.i. 523-800 mg/kg (according to MSDS)
- LD50 (acute dermal) in rats: for the a.i. >1600 mg/kg (according to MSDS)
- Estimated hazard class according to the WHO: II, moderately hazardous
Suspected poisoning? Read the article on amitraz safety in this site.
Withholding periods (=withdrawal times) in days for meat & milk (country-specific differences may apply: read the product label)
- Meat: AUS NIL (ESI NIL)
- Milk for human consumption: AUS NIL.
WARNING !!!: Never use on humans, horses and other equines, dogs or cats. Amitraz is particularly toxic to horses, cats and Chihuahua dogs.
At a dosage close to the therapeutic one amitraz can show a sedative effect on cattle. After dipping or spraying cattle with amitraz it is typical that a few animals, especially young or weaker ones lay down or fall to the ground and remain sleepy for a certain time. Normally they recover spontaneously or they can be sprayed with abundant water (which washes away part of the product that should protect them...) to accelerate recovery.
You may be interested in the following articles in this site dealing with the general safety of veterinary products:
- Safety for humans
- Safety for domestic animals
- Safety for the environment
- Hazard classifications of pesticides
Risk of resistance? YES; there is reported resistance to amitraz for the cattle tick (Boophilus = Rhipicephalus microplus) in Australia and Latin America, and for the tropical cattle tick (= blue tick, Boophilus = Rhipicephalus decoloratus) in Southern Africa.
Interestingly, after the introduction of amitraz in the 1970's, it was not broadly used in many regions because soon it was largely replaced by synthetic pyrethroids that were as effective against ticks but controlled flies and other insects as well. As a consequence, field resistance of cattle ticks to amitraz spread rather slowly in many places or did not develop at all. In the meantime, resistance of ticks (and flies!) to synthetic pyrethroids has reached such levels, that amitraz has experienced a very strong revival in many countries during the last decade. As a consequence, resistance of cattle ticks to amitraz is now spreading rapidly. And there are also reports on multi-resistant tick populations, i.e. simultaneously resistant to amitraz and organophosphates or synthetic pyrethroids.
This means that if this product does not achieve the expected efficacy against cattle ticks, it may be due to resistance and not to incorrect use, which is usually the most frequent cause of product failure.
Alternative chemical classes/active ingredients to prevent resistance of external parasites through product rotation:
- Insect growth regulators: fluazuron.
- Macrocyclic lactones (e.g. doramectin, eprinomectin, ivermectin, moxidectin, etc.) mainly as pour-ons. Most injectables (e.g. those containing 1% a.i.) and drenches are usually ineffective against ticks.
- Organophosphates: (e.g. chlorfenvinphos). Field resistance of cattle ticks to organophosphates is not unusual.
- Synthetic pyrethroids (e.g. cypermethrin, deltamethrin, flumethrin, permethrin, etc). Resistance of cattle ticks and many other pests to these compounds is usually stronger and more frequent than to amitraz.
These alternative products may not be available in all countries, or may not be available for dipping or spraying, or may not be effective against all the concerned parasites.
Learn more about resistance and how it develops.
Are the active ingredients of this product ORIGINAL* or GENERICS**?
*Meaning that they are still patent protected and generics are not yet available
**Meaning that they have lost patent protection and may be acquired from manufacturers of generic active ingredients other than the holder of the original patent.
COUNTRIES where this brand/product is marketed: Australia (only QLD, NSW, VIC, NT).
GENERIC BRANDS available? YES. numerous. TAKTICis the original amitraz brand, now marketed by VIRBAC in Australia.
Click here to learn more about GENERIC vs. ORIGINAL drugs.
For an overview on the most used antiparasitic spray, dip & dust BRANDS click here.
Amitraz is an amidine introduced in the 1970s by Boots & Co. It was marketed under well- known brands such as TAKTIC and TRIATIX. Amitraz was the first amidine (also called formamidines) used against ticks on cattle and it followed the organochlorines and organophosphates that had been discovered in the 1950s-1960s.
Amitraz is highly effective against all kinds of ticks that affect livestock. Besides a killing effect, it also shows a rather characteristic tick detaching effect as well as a significant repellent effect. The result is that correct treatment of cattle or other livestock with amitraz usually results in an very satisfying tick control, and this with very modest product costs. Amitraz is also effective against some lice and mite species that affect livestock, but some manufacturers do not include such claims in their products, probably to save development costs.
However amitraz has several major disadvantages when compared with its major competitors, the synthetic pyrethroids , e.g.:
- It is completely ineffective against biting flies (e.g. horn & buffalo flies, stable flies), which often need to be controlled together with the ticks.
- It needs to be stabilized with lime (hydrated slaked lime) when used in plunge dips and in spray-races where the dip wash is not consumed within 24 hours. Otherwise within a few hours the amitraz in the wash is broken down to compounds that are ineffective against the parasites.
- It strips, i.e. not only the volume of the dip or sump diminishes along the dipping or spraying processes, but also the concentration of a.i. in the remaining wash, which complicates the management of dips and spray races.
Due to these disadvantages products with synthetic pyrethroids largely replaced amitraz in the 1980s-1990s: They controlled biting flies, were stable in dips and spray races and most of them did not strip. Later on, much more convenient ready-to-use pour-ons (with synthetic pyrethroids, fluazuron and macrocyclic lactones) conquered the market for tick control. However, with the fast development of cattle tick and buffalo fly resistance to synthetic pyrethroids amitraz has experienced a notorious revival worldwide. Where plunge dips or spray races remain operational and amitraz resistance is not yet a problem, products with amitraz are a valuable option for tick control on large cattle herds. In fact, in many places, amitraz products are nowadays the only products available for plunge dips and spray races that still work well against cattle ticks.
Topically applied, amitraz as well as organophosphates and synthetic pyrethroids are basically contact insecticides. This means that when the parasite comes in contact with the active ingredient that impregnates the host's hair coat, it penetrates through the cuticle (i.e. the "skin" of insects and other arthropods) into its organism, where it disturbs essential biological processes, in this case the nervous system.
After administration to livestock or other animals, amitraz does not have a systemic mode of action, i.e. it is not transmitted to the parasite through the blood of the host. Topically administered amitraz is poorly absorbed through the skin of the hosts, and what is absorbed is quickly broken down and/or excreted. Consequently the concentration reached in the blood is too low to kill the ticks. But this is also the reason for the low to NIL withholding periods for meat or milk. This is in contrast with fluazuron and macrocyclic lactones (e.g. doramectin, eprinomectin, ivermectin, moxidectin, etc.), which do have a systemic mode of action and reach the ticks mainly through the blood of the host.
For best results it is very important to ensure a complete coverage of the animals' hair coat. Depending on hair coat, adult cattle need usually 3 to up to 10 liters wash per head for complete wetting. To learn more about correctly dipping or spraying cattle and other livestock read the corresponding articles on dipping and spraying livestock in this site.
This article IS NOT A PRODUCT LABEL. It offers complementary information that may be useful to veterinary professionals and users that are not familiar with veterinary antiparasitics.
Information offered in this article has been extracted from publications issued by manufacturers, government agencies (e.g. EMEA, FDA, USDA, etc.) or in the scientific literature. No guarantee is given on its accuracy, integrity, sufficiency, actuality and opportunity, and any liability is denied. Read the site's DISCLAIMER.
In case of doubt contact the manufacturer or a veterinary professional.