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Deltamethrin (and all synthetic pyrethroids) acts by contact (i.e. it is not systemic) and is effective against most external livestock and pet parasites (flies, ticks, mites, lice, fleas, mosquitoes, etc.) but is completely ineffective against internal parasites.

As all synthetic pyrethroids, deltamethrin products are always used for topical administration, either as concentrates for dipping or spraying, or in ready-to-use products such as pour-ons for cattle, sheep, pigs and horses, and in a few collars and low cost topicals for dogs such as shampoos, soaps, sprays, etc. Deltamethrin is used abundantly in livestock and rather scarcely in dogs. It is also used in crop protection and household pesticides.

However, resistance to all synthetic pyrethroids is already very frequent worldwide and can be extremely high, particularly in cattle ticks, horn & buffalo flies, houseflies, red fowl mites, mosquitoes, sheep lice, etc.

In contrast with many synthetic pyrethroids (e.g. cypermethrin, permethrin) that consist in mixtures of various optic isomers, deltamethrin contains a single cis isomer. As a consequence the various products containing deltamethrin are equal regarding the isomer composition and therefore quite comparable regarding efficacy and safety.

The table below indicates some usual dosing recommendations for deltamethrin issued by manufacturers or documented in the scientific literature. They may not be approved in some countries.

Dosing recommendations for DELTAMETHRIN
DOGS
Delivery Parasites Dose (against deltamethrin-susceptible parasites)
Bath Fleas, ticks, lice, mites, etc. 12.5-50 ppm (=mg/L) in the wash, dep. on isomers & indications
CATS. Pyrethroids are mostly toxic to cats!
CATTLE
Delivery Parasites Dose (against deltamethrin-susceptible parasites)
Dip, spray Ticksflies, mites, lice, etc. 12.5-50 ppm (=mg/L) in the wash dep. on indications
Pour-on Ticksflies, mites, lice, etc. 0.75-2 mg/kg, dep. on indications
SHEEP & GOATS
Delivery Parasites  Dose (against deltamethrin-susceptible parasites)
Dip, spray Ticksflies, lice, mites, etc. 12.5-50 ppm (=mg/L) in the wash dep. on indications
Pour-on Ticksflies, lice, mites, etc. 0.75-2 mg/kg, dep. on indications
SWINE 
Delivery Parasites  Dose (against deltamethrin-susceptible parasites)
Spray Lice, mites 12.5-50 ppm (=mg/L) in the wash dep. on indications
HORSES
Delivery Parasites  Dose (against deltamethrin-susceptible parasites)
Pour-on Ticks, flies, lice, mites, etc. 0.75-2 mg/kg, dep. on indications
SOUTH AMERICAN CAMELIDS
Delivery Parasites  Dose (against deltamethrin-susceptible parasites)
Spray Ticks, flies, mites 12.5-50 ppm (=mg/L) in the wash dep. on indications

DISCLAIMER: Liability is denied for any possible damage or harm to persons, animals or any other goods that could follow the transmission or use of the information, data or recommendations in this site by any site visitor or third parties.

In most finished products, efficacy and safety depend not only on the amount of active ingredient(s) but also on their formulations (i.e. the type and amount of so-called inert ingredients), particularly in injectables and in topical pour-ons and spot-ons. These inert ingredients can significantly affect the pharmacokinetic behavior (e.g. absorption through the skin or from the injection site, distribution within the body, spreading throughout the body surface, etc). Generic products usually contain the same amount of active ingredient(s) as the original product, but often in quite different formulations. In many cases, the curative (therapeutic) efficacy of the different formulations is quite comparable, but the protective (prophylactic) efficacy that determines the length of protection against re-infestations may be rather different.

Dosing recommendations for antiparasitics depend on national regulations. National regulatory authorities determine whether a product is approved for a given indication, i.e. use on a particular host at a specific dose and against a specific parasite. Check the labels of the products available in your country for specific information on approved indications.


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